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Pinana forms are a series of 5 katas: Pinan Shodan, Pinan Nidan, Pinan Sandan, Pinan Yodan,Pinan Godan :The katas review: hand, open-hand and elbow strikes, wrist locks, arm locks, sweeps, and kicks.Pinan is thought to be a derivative of the Chinese Chiang Nan (Changed to Heian by Funakoshi)
The Pinan Katas (Ping 'An in Chinese) are very important. The name Pinan means "Peaceful Mind." This name seems to be inspired by the Bubishi.
In article 1 on the History and Philosophy of White Crane. It says, "Immeasurable self-conquests are made possible through a peaceful mind and inner harmony. The strength and resiliency gained from martial art training fosters an inner force with which one can overcome any opponent and conquer worldly delusion and misery." Pinan Shodan and Nidan were created by Bushi Matsumura, and were originally called Channan Sho and Dai. They were based on kata taught at Fukien Shaolin in the Five Elder style. The Chinese reading for this name is "Chiag Nan." Chiag Nan was the name of a Chinese Diplomat who resided Shuri. It is possible that Bushi got the techniques from him. Itosu created Pinan Sandan, Yondan, and Godan and added them to his own system. Some sources say he took them from other Chinese kata also called Chiag Nan that he got from a Chinese master, who may have also been Chaig Nan himself
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