How Many Kung Fu Styles Have You Heard of ?

LanJie

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I have always been amazed at the amount of kung fu systems in existence. In my spare time I have tried to gather together as many styles as I could find. Some of the entries were only able to be confirmed by one source, some are well known. I thought I would share them with the forum.

Due to the amount of the entries I am including my Works cited section in only the first post. I am sure there are many errors. This is just a starting point and a first attempt.

These first Posts are for External Kung Fu systems only.

I have found 167 styles.

There are many entries that do not have citations for them but this was done because this material may eventually be used in a book. Non fiction citations are at the end of the work not at the end of the entry.

I also included more sources than just for the external kung fu entries because I would like to post this in a timely manner.

Regards,
Steve

Works Cited
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Chinatown. Inside Kung-Fu . (April 1998): 65-74.

Bai Mei. http://www.komudokwan.com/bakmei.html
(2 October 1999).

Bernard, Lorne. White Crane Kung Fu.
Lava, Que: 1993.

Chow, David, and Richard Spangler, . Kung Fu History, Philosophy and Technique.
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Gee, Garrett, Benny Meng, and Richard Loewenhagen
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Grandmaster Wong Cheung s Black Tiger Hak Fu Moon.
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Hallander, Jane, The Complete Guide to Kung Fu Fighting Styles.
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Hallander, Jane. Eagle Claws Shining Light.
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Hamby, Donald. Twelve Bridge Hands.
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Hung, Lai, and Brian Klingborg. The Secrets of Northern Shaolin Kung fu
The History, Form, and Function of Pek Sil Lum.
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Hsu, Adam. The Sword Polishers Record The Way of Kung-Fu.
Boston: Tuttle Publishing, 1998.

Kennedy, Brian, Chinese Martial Arts Training Manuals A Historical Survey.
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Khim, Png Chye, and Donn F. Draeger. Shaolin Lohan Kung-Fu.
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Kim, Sun-Jin, Daniel Kogan, Nikolaos Kontaogiannis, and Hali Wong
Tuttle Dictionary of the Martial Arts of Korea, China & Japan
Vermont: Charles I. Tuttle Company, 1996.

Kiong, Tjoa, Donn F. Draeger, and Quintin T.G. Chambers
Shantung Black Tiger A Shaolin Fighting Art of North China
New York: Weatherhill, Inc 1997.

Koh, Paul. Shaolin Black Tiger Fights for Survival.
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Kong, Bucksam, and Eugene. Hung Gar Kung-Fu Chinese Art of Self-Defense
Santa Clarita: Ohara Publications Incorporated, 1973.

Lam,Wing-kit and Ying Fun-fong. Ten Fundamental Chinwoo Routines
Dazhanquan & Jiequan. Hong Kong: Brilliant Publication Limited, 2000.

Lam,Wing Kwon and Ted Mancuso. Northern Sil Lum Form Number Seven Plum
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Wong, Doc Fai, and Jane Hallander, Shaolin Five Animals.
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(2/25/08).

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Qigong. Jamaica Plain: YMAA Publication Center, 1996.


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1.BEAUTIFUL SPRINGTIME: WIHNG CHEUN OR YONGCHUQUAN: Legend has it, that it was created by Yan Sanniang in Yongchun County, Fujian Province. Many believed this its name was derived from the location where it was created. Others believed that Yan Sanniangs other name was Yongchun, therefore, the style was called Yongchuquan. The movements of Yongchunquan require that the hand movements do not go higher than the eyebrows and not lower than the crotch; and left and right movements do not go wider than shoulder width.
It attacks an opponents center while protecting its own center. Is emphasis is on close range applications.
 
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2. Butterfly style: Hu die quan
 
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3. BLACK TIGER (SOUTHERN) STYLE: HUK FU MOON. This is a second branch of Black Tiger with a different linage, history and forms. It is a Southern Style of Kung fu.
The Founder was a Shaolin Monk called Soo Huk Fu (Black Tiger Soo). When he was young he studied many different kung fu styles and fought many challengers. He became a second generation member of the ten tigers of Kwantung. He then founded the Huk Fu Moon-Black Tiger Association in Hong Kong(Carisi 58).
 
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4. BLACK TIGER (SOUTHERN) STYLE: HAK FU PAI. A Southern Style. Hak Fu pai originated in the southern Sil-Lum (Shaolin) Temple in Fukien Province.
In 1674 the temple in was burned and the five Elders of the temple to different parts of China and taught their kung fu to the local population.
The forms were mostly likely modified by the local village Sifus
The Forms of Hak Fu Pai
1. Hak Fu Gung Lik Kuen: (Black Tiger Power Generating Fist)
2. Black Tiger Fighting Set: One side is a Tiger form and the other is a Crane Form.
The system also has its own weapon forms (Cameron 90-96,101)
 
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5. BLACK TIGER(NORTHERN) STYLE OF SHANTONG: HE HUE QUAN
Meaning Shantong Black Tiger Style. This is a Northern Style of Kung Fu.
 
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6. BOAT FIST: CHUANQUAN. In the Wuzing area of Zhejiang province, people often ie two boats together and set up a platform for a fighting competition. Chuanquan was the result of these. There are many barehanded and weapon routines in this style (Shou 385).
 
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7. BUDDHA FAMILY(SOUTHERN) FIST: FUT GAR OR FO JIA QUAN. Sil Lum Fut Gar Kuen is one of the oldest styles in the Shaolin system. Based on efficiency, it uses the simplest moves from the five major southern styles of Shaolin, Lau, Li, Mok,Hung and Choy. This is the Southern Buddha Kung fu Style
 
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8. BUDDHA (NORTHERN) Fist: Fut Hon Kyuh: Meaning . A Northern Kung Fu Style.
 
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9. CANNON BOXING: SANHUANG PAOCHUI. This style is said to have originated from the three legendary emperors of Fuxi, Shennong and Gonggon in prehistoric China. Others believe them to have been the heaven, earth and human emperors. Either way, this certainly indicates the long history of cannon boxing that is popular in Beijing, Hebei, Shanxi, Shandong, Liaoning, Henan, and Jilin. This style of kung fu owes its name to its rapid and powerful fist blows that are likened to firing cannon balls.
 
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10. CAI FAMILY FIST: CAIQUAN. This style was created by Cai Boda and Cai Jiuyi. They were monks from Fujian Shaolin Temple, later it was spread to Guangdong Province by the mok Cai Fu. It is one of the major Southern styles in Guangdong today.
 
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11. CHA FAMILY FIST: CHAQUAN. A major Northern Kung Fu Style: It is one of the five major styles of northern kung fu. Its training content is both systematic and complete. Chaqquan, Huaquan, Hongquan, Poquan, and Tantuimen are form the same origin. It has traditionally been very popular among the Hui ethnic Chinese.
 
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12. CHANG FAMILY BOXING: CHANIJIA QUAN OR CHANGIIA QUAN. This style was created by Chang Naizhou (1724-1783) during the Qing dynasty. Chang Naizhou was a scholar who also practiced fist and cudgel plays, and he traveled widely to learn form wushu masters. He practiced hard for many years, and he integrated the strengths of other styles to create his own style. He assimilated Zi boxing, monkey boxing, taiji nad drunken boxing. Changs intellectual basis was ancient Chinese philosophy, which further enabled him to theorize his own boxing style (Burr 52).
 
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13. CHENGS KEXINGS PALM STYLE: KEXING ZHANG. This style was created by Cheng Kexing, Cheng combined Wushu with th Yijing. He incorporated bagau, yinyang, waxing, Kexingzhang is a Wushu, Qigong, energy healing technique, and probability prediction style. In recent years, it has been warmly received by Wushu and Jijing practitioners alike. Its training content includes: Baguawuxing, Kexingzhang, Wanshouzhuangong Kexingzhang, Wanshoupaibing Caiqigong, and Kexingzhang Xinlidafa (Shou 412).
 
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14. CHINA STYLE BOXING: HUA QUAN. This style is believed to have originated in Jining of Shandong Province. It is said that during the Kaiyuan reign of the Tang dynasty (713-741) a Mount Hua knight named Cai Mo killed his enemy of a play.
born during the reign of Emperor Guangxu of the Qing dynasty (1877) and was fond of wushu as a little boy.
He learned martial arts from his grandfather and after his death, was forced by poverty to move away form Caixing to a district outside the southern gate of the city wall of Jining. There he met wtih Ding Yushan,a well-known expert in Shandong provicne for his mastery of Hua Quan. Cai studied with Ding for three years, and also later became a contemporary Hua Quan master during the late Qing dynasty.
 
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15. CHOY FAMILY FIST: CHOY GAR KUEN OR CA JIA QUAN. This style was founded by a Cantonese-born master named Choy Gau Yi in the late Ming dynasty. He learned his method from a monk named Yi Guan. This is one of the five major Southern styles, but it is overshadowed by Choy Li Fut, which incorporated it with two other schools to form one of todays most popular styles outside of China (Burr 39).
 
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16. CHOY LEIH FAMILY BUDDHA FIST: CHOY LEIH FAHT, CAILIFOQUAN. One of the Southern Styles of kung fu of Guanddong Province. This style was created by Chen Heng. Chen first learned Fojiaquan from his father. Later, he also studied Liquan from Li Youshan and Caiquan from Cai Fu. Chen combined the essence of the three styles and created Cailifoquan/ Choy Lieh Faht. This style is popular in Guangdong, Foshan, Hong Kong, Europe, and America.
 
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17. CHOY LEIH FAMILYBUDDHA FIST NORTHERN WINNING: CHO LEIH FAHT BAK SIHNG. A southern style founded by tahm Saam that combined the original Choy Leih Faht style (founded by Chahn heung) and Northern Shaolin.
 
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18. CHOY MOK FAMILY STYLE: CHOY MOK GAR. A Southern Kung Fu System created about 50 years ago. It is a combination of Choy Gar and Mor Gar Kung Fu. This style is focuses on hand work. Choy Mok uses the open hand a lot but the favorite strike is the Phoenix-Eye Fist.
This style uses circular attacks and strikes as opposed to other short armed systems like Wing Chun that uses mostly straight movements.
(Hallander 105-106).
Connected hands and Short Strike STYLE: Lian Shou Duan Da: . It is also known as Gouguaizi. Its origin can be traced back to Cangzhou (Shou 418).
 
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19. CHU FAMILY SUPPRESSING TIGER FIST: CHU GAR FOOK FU KUEN: This system is characterized by whipping power. It is similar to styles like Fuzhou White Crane Kung fu. The current leader of this style is Sifu Kong Shu Ming.
 
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