FMA Glossary

Carol

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I did some googling and found a page with a very helpful glossary of FMA terminology. Enjoy! :)


Source:

http://fcskali.tripod.com/id11.html



Abang.....to wait defensively
Abanico......fan; also spelled "abaniko"
Abanico sa Itaas.....upper flywheel
Abecedario....."ABC's"; the basics
Abierta.....open position
Agaw.....to grab, seize, disarm or take away
Agaw-Sandata.....disarming & retrieval of the weapon
Aldabis.....diagonal cut, strike or uppercut
Alpabeto.....alphabet; the basics
Anim.....six
Anino.....shadow
Antas.....level or degree
Antaw.....long range
Apat.....four
Araw.....sun or day
Arnis.....harness; northern philippine martial art
Arnisador.....stick fighter
Arnis de Mano....."Armor of the Hand"; system
Atras.....retreat or backward
Avante.....forward

B

Babag.....worry; trouble
Bago.....new or before
Bagong-Pasok.....entry level student
Bagsak.....to drop; overhead strike with down weighing
Baguhan.....beginner
Bahi.....a Philipine hardwood used for sticks
Baitang.....level or stages
Bakbakan.....a rumble or free-for-all fight
Balaraw.....dagger
Baligtad.....reverse or inside out
Bali.....break
Balik.....return or retreat
Balisong....."butterfly knife"
Balitok.....tumble
Banatan.....full-contact fighting
Bansay-bansay.....training or drills
Bantay.....guard or watch
Bantay-Kamay.....support or "alive" hand
Bara-bara.....wild or formless technique
Baraw.....dagger
Bartikal.....vertical cut/strike
Basag.....broken
Baston.....stick
Bati-Bati.....using the butt of the stick
Batikan.....noteworthy; certified expert
Baywang.....the hip
Bigay.....to give
Bigay-bali.....lock release technique
Bigay-galang.....salutation
Bihasa.....expert
Binahagi.....cut into parts
Binali.....break or reverse
Bisig.....the arm
Bothan.....Martial Arts school
Braso.....the arm
Buah.....combination of footwork and form; application of technique
Buhat.....from or lift
Buhat Araw.....an overhead strike
Bukas.....open position
Buklis.....upward figure 8
Bulusok.....powerful overhead or diagonal strike
Buno.....takedown or throws
Bunot.....to draw a sword; to pluck out
Bunot Kaluban.....an upward slash followed by a downward slash; a drawing and slashing technique

C

Caballero....techniques from Grandmaster Caballero
Carera.....cycling movement or spin
Cadena de Mano.....chain of hands
Centro.....center
Centro Baston.....holding the stick in the middle
Cerrada.....close; closed fighting position
Cinco.....five
Cinco Teros....."5 strikes"
Contra.....counter
Contrada.....opposite or counter
Corto.....close range
Cruzada.....cross-block and strike
Crossada.....to cross
Cuatro.....four

D

Daga.....dagger or short stick
Dakop....to catch
Dakot.....to scoop
Dalawa.....two
Dalawampu.....twenty
Dalawampu't Isa.....twenty-one
Dalawang.....double
Dakip.....capture
Dakip-Diwa.....mind-set
Damdam.....feel or sensitivity
Damdam-Diwa.....sensitivity; being aware
de Cadena....."the chain"
de Cuerdas....."to chord"; system
Defundo.....stationary
Delikado.....dangerous
Depensa.....defense; person taking defensive role in training
Dib-dib.....the chest
Diin.....to put pressure on
Dikitan.....very close or close quarters
Diwa.....mind
Djuru.....form
Doble.....double
Doble Baston.....double stick training
Doblete.....double or repeat
Doce Pares....."12 pairs or 12 strikes"; system
Dos.....two
Dos Labahas.....two blades
Dos Manos.....two hands
Dos Manos Largos.....two hands with long stick
Dukop.....to catch
Dukot.....to snatch or seize unexpectedly
Dukot.....to reach out
Dulo.....the tip of the stick
Dumog.....filipino grappling art
Dungab.....to strike with the fist
Dungab....."heaven" or "hammer" grip
Duslak.....thrust

E

Elastico....."rubber band art"; system
Enganyo.....fake or feint
Entrada.....entry
Equis....."X" or "X" shaped strike
Eskrima....."skirmish"; filipino martial art
Eskrimador.....stick fighter
Espada.....sword or long stick
Espada y Daga.....sword & dagger or long & short stick
Estrilla.....star

F

No terms found.

G

Galang.....respect
Galing.....skillfull
Gantihan.....exchange of blows
Garote.....stick; usually flat to simulate a blade
Garote'ng.....itak flat stick
Gitna.....center
Gunting....."scissors" or passing block with a limb destruction
Guro.....teacher

H

Habang.....while; in the meantime
Hagad-Hubad.....strikes & counters
Hagis.....to throw; a throwing technique
Hagibis......whirlwind; throwing & grappling techniques
Hakbang.....to step; footwork
Hakbang-Paiwas.....full side step/step to avoid strike
Halo-Halo.....combination; free flow sparring
Hanay.....row or line
Han-ay.....form
Handa....."Get ready !"
Hapos.....strike or slash
Hapsanay.....free sparring
Hatak.....to pull
Hataw.....a full power strike
Hawak.....to hold
Hawak-Gitna.....holding the stick in the middle
Hawak-Pakal.....reverse or ice-pick grip
Hawak-Punyo.....regular hold on weapon with punyo
Hawak-Sagad.....regular grip with no punyo
Hawak-Saksak.....regular or hammer grip
Hawak-Sandata.....methods of holding a weapon
Hawak-Susi.....reverse grip; holding at tip of stick
Higot.....to tie
Hindi.....no or negative
Hintay.....wait or pause
Hiwa.....to slash or cut
Hubad.....to untie or undress; name of a flow drill
Hulagpos.....to escape from capture or restraint

I

Ibaba.....down or below
Ibabaw.....above or on-top
Ikot.....turn or about-face
Ikot-Hantaw.....spinning strike
Ilag.....to evade
Ilalim.....under or underneath
Ilustrisimo.....techniques from Grandmaster Anotio Ilustrisimo
Insayo'ng.....training
Ipit.....to lock, trap or jam
Ipit-Hagis.....a sacrifice throwing technique
Isang.....single
Itaas.....above, upper or to the front
Itak.....long sword or bolo
Isa.....one
Isa-pa.....once more; again; one more time
Iwas.....to avoid, dodge or duck

J

Juego Todo.....anything goes or free-for-all fight

K

Kaayusan.....order or organization
Kabakas.....partner or assistant
Kadena.....chain or series of movements
Kadyot.....a shallow, snap thrust
Kalahati.....half
Kalas.....disengage, release or disarm
Kalas-Sandata.....disarming technique
Kalasag.....to shield
Kali.....a southern Philippine martial art
Kalis.....oldest of the Philippino style kris swords; wavey back half, straight front half
Kaliwa.....left side
Kamagoong.....Philipine iron wood
Kamay.....the hand
Kamayan.....empty-hand training
Kamot.....to punch; hand
Kanan.....right side
Kapatid.....brother
Kasa.....to cock or chamber; to accept a challenge
Kasama.....companion/friends
Karunungan.....knowledge
Katapatan.....loyalty
Katawan.....body or torso
Katipunan.....organization, association or brotherhood
Kenkoy.....derogatory term used for unrealistic or impractical styles of fighting
Kilat....."Lightning Blow"
Kilos.....movement
Kilos-Paa.....footwork
Kina-Iya.....natural
Kris.....serpentine blade knife or sword
Kunsi.....grappling techniques
Kuntao....."fist way"; system

L

Labaha.....blade
Labahas.....blades
Laban.....to fight
Laban-Handa.....ready-stance
Laban-Laro.....combat drills or "play fights"
Labanang.....to fight
Labanang-Dikitan.....close quarters combat
Labanang-Malapitan.....medium range combat
Labanang-Malayuan.....long range combat
Laban-Paluan.....free-fighting
Laban-Sanay.....combat-skills training
Labas.....the outside
Labing-Isa.....eleven
Labo-labo.....anything-goes fight
La Contra.....to meet a strike
Lakan.....an instructor rank equivalent to black belt
Langka.....footwork
Lansi.....to confuse or misdirect
Lansing-Tadyak.....spinning thrust kick
Lansing-Sikad.....spinning snap kick
Largo.....long
Largo Mano.....long range
Largos.....long
Laro.....to play
Laro-laro.....give and take drills or training
Larong.....to play
La Seguida.....to follow a strike
Laslas.....to cut to shreds
Lastiko.....a style of arnis that emphasizes bobbing & weaving toavoid strikes
Lengua de Fuego.....a fast series of thrust & slash techniques
Lihim.....secret
Lihis.....to the side or side-step
Likos.....twirl
Lima.....five
Liyad.....to lean away
Lock & Block.....training drill from Serrada Eskrima
Loob.....the inside
Lubud.....to blend
Luma.....old
Lusob.....attack or partner taking offensive role in the training
Lutangto.....float; the unique forward and backward footwork of the Ilustrisimo system

M

Mabilis.....fast or speedy
Magaling.....highly skilled
Magisa.....alone
Mag-Olisi.....one who practices stick-fighting
Magulang.....parents; shrewd or sly
Mahina.....weak or of poor skills
Maharlika.....noble or nobility
Mahusay.....skillful
Malakas.....strong, powerful or influential
Malapitan.....near or close
Malayuan.....far or distant
Mandirigma.....warrior
Mano.....hand
Mano y Mano.....hand to hand
Marami.....many or numerous
Maraming Salamat Po....."Many thanks"
Marunong.....knowledgeable
Masipag.....earnest or hard working
Masugid.....dedicated or loyal
Matibay.....strong, durable or lasting
Matira.....to be left or to be the last
Matira Matibay.....Survival of the Fittest
Matulis.....sharply pointed; a style of bolo
Mayto.....have
May-Alam.....to posses the seeds of knowledge
Medio.....medium range
Meteorica.....meteoric strike from Grandmaster Caballero
Mukha.....the face
Muli.....again or one more time

N

Nakahanda.....ready
Naka-Upo.....seated
Nakaw.....to steal
Ng.....of

O

Olisi.....stick
Olisi-hay.....sparring with sticks
Opo.....respectful form of saying "yes"
Oracion.....a prayer for protection
Ordabis.....backhand strike

P

Paa.....foot
Paayon.....going with the force
Paawas.....to parry
Pababa.....downward
Pag-Galang.....salutation or show of respect
Pagsasanay.....training
Pagsilang.....birth or sunrise
Pagsisisi.....atonement or repentance
Pahimsug.....exercises or calisthenics
Pahisa.....a slashing motion
Paikot.....rotate
Paikot.....circular strike
Paiwas.....to avoid
Pakal....."ice pick" grip
Palad.....palm of the hand
Palakas.....strengthening
Palakas-Pulso.....wrist-strengthening exercises
Palis.....sweep or sweeping parry
Palis-Patid.....a sweeping throw
Palisut.....to scoop
Palisut-sut.....skipping strike
Palit.....change or exchange
Palit-Kamay.....change or exchange grip
Palitan.....alternating
Palo.....to strike
Paluan.....exchange of strikes
Palusut.....to pass through; technique of evading and passing through
Pama-a.....footwork
Panabas.....ax style weapon
Pananandata.....study of the weapons of the Philippines
Panastas.....to slash
Panata.....a devotion
Pangamot.....empty-hand defense
Pangandam.....on-guard or ready position
Pang-Ikyas evasion or dodge
Pangilog.....disarming
Pang-Olisi.....stick fighting
Pang-Ubot.....hold or grip
Panibago.....new or a revival
Pani-il.....footwork
Panimban.....balance
Panipis.....to skim or cut thinly
Panukad.....fighting stance
Parusa.....punishment
Pasada de Contra.....pass and hit
Pasok.....to enter, inside or on target
Pasulong.....forward
Pasungkit.....to thrust upward
Pataas.....upward
Patalim.....dagger or blade weapon
Patalon.....jumping or multi-level strikes
Patibong.....to trap
Patid.....to trip
Patusok.....in a thrusting motion
Paulit-ulit.....repetitive
Pa-upo.....half side step/sitting down
Pauyon.....go-with-the force technique
Payong.....umbrella
Payong sa Itaas.....upper umbrella block
Pekiti.....close range
Piga.....to squeeze or wring
Piglas.....to struggle or resist
Pikon.....one who is easily upset
Piktos.....a snap strike
Pilay.....sprain or dislocation; lame or crippled at the legs
Pinahandog.....diagonal downward strike
Pinatag.....horizontal strike
Pinasaka.....diagonal upward strike
Pinasaka Tuhod.....rising knee strike
Pinatindog.....vertical downward strike
Pingga.....a long staff fighting system
Pinid.....closed position
Pintok.....a wrist snap strike
Pinuti.....long Visayan sword
Pito.....seven
Planchada.....a horizontal strike
Plansada.....horizontal cut/strike
Pluma.....pen
Po.....a suffix denoting respect
Prakcion.....to react faster than the opponent
Pukpok.....to hammer or pummel
Pulso.....pulse or wrist
Puluhan.....handle or butt
Punong Guro.....head teacher & founder of system
Punyo.....butt of stick or any weapon

Q

No terms found.

R

Redonda.....continuous double stick technique
Redondo.....circular power strike
Retirada.....to retreat
Rompida.....an upward and downward slash
Ronda.....circular movement of the hands or weapon
Ropillon.....a double stick technique or movement

S

Sa.....to or of
Sabayan.....Simultaneous; to attack or counter at the same time
Sablay.....Incomplete or imperfect; a low right to left horizontal.....blow
Saboy.....to throw or scatter; an upward right to left diagonal strike
Sadang.....reverse position
Sagang.....defense
Sagasa.....to charge or to overrun
Sakay.....to ride or go with the force
Sakay-Salag.....eskrima sticky hands; to follow the motion of the blocked/ checked weapon or attack
Sakong.....heel
Sakong-Palad.....palm-heel
Saksak.....to thrust
Sasak Hatak.....a technique using fast withdrawal and twisting of the weapon to inflict a cut on the opponents checking or blocking hand
Salag.....block or parry
Salagba.....downward block
Salagbas.....outside dodging and parrying
Salag-Bisig.....forearm block
Salagsok.....inside dodging and parrying
Salagtas.....upward block
Salakay.....to charge or attack
Salamat.....to thank
Salamin.....mirror or reaction drill
Salisi.....opposing or opposite direction
Salok.....an upward strike with the edge or point
Saltik.....a snap strike
Salubong.....to meet head-on
Sama.....to join or go with
Sambut.....combination of footwork & form; application of technique
Sampu.....ten
Sanay.....training or exposure
Sandata.....weapon
Sangga.....to block
Saplet.....quick disarm
Sawali.....interwoven slats of wood use for walls
Serada.....closed
Serrada.....close quarters or "closing"
Sibat.....staff
Sibog.....retreat or backward
Sikad.....side kick
Sikad-Gilid.....side snap kick
Sikad-Hataw.....snap roundhouse kick
Sikad-Sungkite.....snap hook kick
Sikad-Tusok.....front snap kick
Sikaran.....a Philippine martial art emphasizing kicking skills
Siklod.....to kiss the hand of an elder; a wrist lock
Siklod Bangga.....a wrist lock that uses the shoulder as a leverage point
Sikmura.....solar plexus
Siko.....the elbow
Sikot.....push kick
Sikwat.....to pry; an upward strike with the punyo
Sikwat-Siko.....a come-along lock with the elbow as the primary lock or center of pressure
Silat.....to outmaneuver or overpower; an Indonesian martial art
Silak.....open-hand system used against a blade (Sayoc Kali)
Sinawalli.....to weave; a continuous double stick technique
Sinigurato.....make doubly sure; a follow-up trapping or jamming technique (Lameco Eskrima)
Sipa.....to kick; also a game
Sipalit.....a training drill for alternating kicks
Sipang-Hataw.....roundhouse kick
Siyam.....nine
Sogo.....finger-tip thrust
Solo.....single
Songab.....finger jab
Songkiti.....a hooking movement used to parry or thrust
Suklian.....an exchange of strikes
Suko.....to surrender or give-up
Sulod.....to enter
Sulong.....to go forward or go ahead
Suliwa.....pass or deflect
Sumbalik.....counter
Sumbrada.....upper umbrella block; name of a flow drill
Sumpa.....a vow or oath
Sungkite.....a technique that emphasizes thrusts
Sundot.....a jab or quick thrust
Suntok.....to punch
Suplete.....quick disarm
Suwag.....head-butt
Suyop.....a go with the force technique

T

Tabas Talahib.....a horizontal strike
Tabak-Toyok.....nunchaku
Tadtad.....full of or multiples of
Tadyak.....thrust kick
Tadyak-Gilid.....side thrust kick
Tadyak-Sakong.....back thrust kick
Tadyak-Tusok.....front thrust kick
Taga.....to strike or cut
Tagang Alanganin.....an outwards horizontal strike aimed at the upper torso region
Tagang Buhat Araw.....an overhead strike aimed at the top of the head
Tagang Pasumala.....primarily a parry, a sweeping upward diagonal strike used to deflect a weapon
Tagang San Miguel.....a diagonal downward and inward strike aimed at the upper torso
Tagapagsanay.....trainer or assistant instructor
Tagapagturo.....senior assistant instructor
Tala.....star
Talang Bartikal.....vertical block
Talas.....sharp or to sharpen
Talas Damdam.....sensitivity training
Tapa.....to step on the foot
Tapi.....to parry or deflect
Tapik.....to nudge, defelct or parry
Tapi-on.....to block, parry, defelct or check
Tapi-Tapi.....checking; a series of parries & blocks
Tapos.....finished or the end
Tatlo.....three
Tatlumpu.....thirty
Tatlumpu't Isa.....thirty one
Tatsulok.....triangle
Taub.....facing downward
Tayo.....stance
Teka.....wait, halt or pause
Tiempo.....timing
Tigil.....stop or cease
Tigpas.....a horizontal strike directed at the knees
Tihaya.....facing upward
Tiniklink.....footwork drill
Tisod.....to stumble
Totsada.....to thrust
Totsar.....to thrust
Trancada.....to lock or locks
Tuhod.....the knee
Tulisan.....the knife-fighting art of Kali Illustrisimo
Tuloy-tuloy.....continuous
Tunga-tunga.....medium range
Tuo.....to the right
Tusok.....to thrust
Tuyok.....cycling movement or to spin

U

Ulo.....the head
Upo.....seat

V

No terms found.

W

Wala.....to the left; nothing; lost
Walis.....to sweep
Walo.....eight
Warwok.....a weapon hand capture that rebounds the weapon into the attackers body
Witik.....wrist snap strike

X

No terms found.

Y

Yabag.....the sound of footsteps
Yabang.....show-off
Yakap.....hug, hold, embrace or clinch
Yantoc.....rattan stick
Yukbo.....salutation
Yuko.....to duck or bow

Z

No terms found.
 

MJS

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Cool! Thanks for sharing that Carol! :)

Mike
 
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Carol

Carol

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Thanks for the feedback! I found the glossary has helped me a lot, especially being a noobie and having to learn all these new words. :D

Palusut, do you think this is worth stickying? It's OK if you don't, I was just curious. :)
 

Guro Harold

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Thanks for the feedback! I found the glossary has helped me a lot, especially being a noobie and having to learn all these new words. :D

Palusut, do you think this is worth stickying? It's OK if you don't, I was just curious. :)
Sure!

There was another thread that had links to other FMA glossaries but the links were stale.

Everyone is welcome to add to this thread other FMA glossaries that you know of.

-Palusut

MT Senior Moderator
 

Brian R. VanCise

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Yes I would definately say that it would be a good thread to sticky.
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Carol

Carol

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Sure!

There was another thread that had links to other FMA glossaries but the links were stale.

Everyone is welcome to add to this thread other FMA glossaries that you know of.

-Palusut

MT Senior Moderator

Sweet! Thank you so much! for doing that Palusut!

Just for that...I think I have to post more glossaries :D


Pencak Silat Glossary


Source:
http://www.geocities.com/jkdinstruct...ms.html?200625

Adat = To show respect.
Akang = Older brother.
Ales = Body evasion from Pamur Silat.
Aliran = School. Different from Sasaran which is the training area itself.
Amerindo Silat = A combination of silat styles but mostly Mustika Kweetang silat and taught in the U.S. by Guru James Ingram.
Apa Khabar/Apak Khabar = Greeting: What's the news?
Asideci Silat = A Silat system created by Guru David Jennings and accepted by IPSI as an authentic silat system. Primarily of Balinese descent.
Ayam = Chicken
Ayam Lawan = Rooster Claw the name for the larger version of "kerambit".
Ba Pak = Father but also used to show respect for ones teacher. Usually shortened to Pak. For instance Pak Roedy, Pak Bruno, Pak Sean.
Bagimana? = How are you?
Baik-baik sekali. Dan anda? = Very fine. And you?
Baju Melayu = The Malaysian silat uniform.
Bangau = crane.
Beladiri = Self-Defense.
Belakang = back.
Berbelah Bagi = Half-hearted.
Beset = A block/check which is performed by moving the leg backwards. Often thought of as a rear sweep but that is a misnomer.
Bintang = Star.
Biru = Blue.
Buah = Fruit - In silat it is used to refer to applications or techniques found in the jurus.
Bunga = Flower - In silat it is used to refer to the artistic movements of the style and sometimes as fake Buah to mislead and opponent.
Cabang = Branch - In silat it is usually used in reference to a branch location of a given style and also as a weapon similar to the Japanese Sai with larger and wider spaced tines. Can also be used as a reference to certain Tankgapan.
Cekik = To strangle.
Celurit = Similar to a scythe or grass hook.
Cepat = fast.
Cikalong = A style of Silat from Java.
Cikgu = A teacher.
Cimande = A style of Silat from Java.
Cinkrik = A style of Silat from Java.
Dalam = Inside.
Dapuan = Front sweeping kick.
Datuk Maha Raja Diraja = King of Kings
Debawa = low.
Delapan = Eight.
Depan = Front, but in Gaja Putih and Jati Wisesa it is used to define the upward elbow strike.
Depok = When the rear leg steps in front of the front leg in a cross stance.
Diri = body.
Dorong = Impel; urge into being interested; motivate. In many Sumatran styles it is the name given to the straight punch.
Dua = Two
Duduk = Sitting with legs not crossed. Sometimes used for kneeling as well.
Empat = Four
Enam = Six
Gaja Putih = White Elephant Silat known for its excellent use of elbows at close range. From Java.
Garak Garik = Strategy that basically means for every action there is an appropriate counter.
Garuda = Bird. Sometimes used to describe an eagle.
Gelek = Turning into a cross stance. Weight either equal or mostly on the front leg.
Genggam = To grasp in the fist.
Gerak = To Move
Gerakan Dua = Vertical Movement.
Gerakan Empat = Inside Circle.
Gerakan Lima = Four Corners Slapping.
Gerakan Satu = Horizontal Gunting Movement.
Gerakan Tiga = Outside Circle.
Gerakan = Specific Movement. In Raja Sterlak these movements are used during the training of Bunga and stalking an opponent.
Golok = A type of machete.
Gunting = Scissors.
Guru = Teacher of many things. Can include spiritual training as well as fighting.
Guru Bruno Cruicchi = Garrote Larense and Raja Sterlak teacher from Caracas Venezuela
Guru Muda = New/Young Teacher
Guru Roedy Wiranatakusumah = Teacher of Jati Wisessa Silat.
Guru Silek = Teacher of Silat.
Harimau = Generally used to describe ground fighting in silat. Also a style of Silat that specializes in ground fighting to include: prone, sitting, kneeling and standing.
Harimau Duduk = Sitting Tiger. A kneeling posture of Pamur Silat
Hijo = Green.
Hitam = Black.
Hormat = Culturally acceptable behavior as defined by the culture itself.
Hormat Saya = Greeting: My Respects.
Ibu = Wife.
Ikat = A bandana worn in various ways depending on the area of Indonesia a person is from. Javanese generally where it with the pointed part of the bandana covering the neck and the knot tied on the forehead. Sumatrans generally where it with the point of the bandana covering the head.
Ilmu = Magic
IPSI = Nomenclature for the Indonesian Governing body of International Pencak Silat. Most U.S. practitioners and teachers do not belong to it.
Jari = Finger.
Jari Dua Tunjal = Two Finger Poke.
Jari Tunjal = Finger Poke.
Jati Wisesa Silat = A style of silat that is almost identical to Gaja Putih. The only difference is the inclusion of Panafersan.
Jatuh = Falling.
Jurus = Upper body patterns of movement mainly, although they can contain kicks and stepping methods as well.
Jurus Bintang = The 5 angles of attack: straight, from right side, from left side, downward and upward. Pencak Silat Serak uses a 9 angle system as does Hok Kuntao, although the angle numbers are different.
Jurus Celurit = Jurus that define the use and movements of the Celurit. See Celurit.
Jurus Duduk = Jurus that are done while sitting. Purpose it to isolate upper body defense. Usually used in beginning stages of training.
Jurus Harimau = Jurus of Harimau Silat or relating to Harimau movements within another style.
Jurus Jati Wisesa = Jurus of Jati Wisesa Silat.
Jurus Kerambit = Jurus that define the use and movements of the Kerambit. See Kerambit.
Jurus Kombinasi = A combination of jurus much like a kata or kuen.
Jurus Pamur = Jurus of Pamur Silat.
Jurus Pisau = Jurus that define the use and movements of the Pisau. See Pisau.
Jurus Raja Sterlak = Jurus of Raja Sterlak Silat.
Jurus Tangan = Jurus that are specific to empty hands.
Jurus Tongkat = Jurus that define the use and movements of the Tongkat. See Tongkat.
Jurusan = Two man set of attacks and counters based on the movements found in the jurus.
Kabau/kerbau = Waterbuffalo
Kakak = Older sister.
Kaki = leg/foot.
Kaki Ayam = Barefoot.
kala = Scorpion
Kanan = right.
Kapala = Head.
Kebatinin = Inner Self. In silat it is usually a reference to spiritual training sometimes including the use of Ilmu.
Kembali = You're Welcome.
Kendang = Musical Drum.
Kendang Penca = Music specifically for silat created mostly with kendang.
Kendang Tarompet = Music specifically for silat created mostly with Tarompet.
Kerambit = A small hand sickle originally intended for use as a tool to harvest rice and later converted into a weapon. Of Sumatran origin.
Kilat = Lightening.
Kinjit = Body throw usually using the elbow.
Kiri = left.
Kucing = cat.
Kuda Kuda/Kudo Kudo = Horse stance
Kuda Kuda Tinggi = High kuda kuda training. Mostly for offense.
Kuda Kuda Menengah = Medium height kuda kuda training. Mostly for defense.
Kuda Kuda Rendah = low kuda kuda training. Used mostly for ground fighting.
Kujang = A type of knife.
Kumango = A style of silat from Sumatra.
Kunci = To lock.
Kunci Mati = Dead lock. Putting a pesilat into a position where they are unable to continue.
Kuncian = Specific locks.
Kuning = Yellow.
Langka = Step, steps or stepping.
Langka Bintang = A two man drill where one person lies on the ground and the other uses various stepping methods to maneuver around the persons outspread limbs delivering knees, punches and elbows.
Langka Empat Dalam = Stepping method that is defined by the four corners of a square. Devised as an individual training method for the various stepping methods found in Raja Sterlak.
Langka Empat Luar = Stepping method that is defined by the four corners of a square but with four steps to each side of the square. Each corner uses Gelek/Depok to turn. Also to enter to the Langka Empat Dalam do so from the corner in an aggressive, larger step.
Langka Empat Kembar = Name for the double square of Langka Empat.
Langka Empat Orang Dua = Two man Langka Empat drill where opponents move in mirror like fashion around the Langka Empat Dalam. Can also be used to train hands, forearms, and Bunga.
Langka Jalan = Stepping method for walking on a straight line.
Langka Silang = Stepping method for learning how to turn in all four directions using a cross pattern.
Langka Tiga = Used in some styles. This stepping method represents the use of the three corners of a triangle.
Latihan = Any of the many drills that are used for training.
Lawan = Adversary or attacker.
Lima = Five.
Lintau = A style of silat from Sumatra.
Luar = Outside.
Lutut = Knee.
Ma Ha Guru Abdul Muthalief = Guru Cruicchi's teacher of Raja Sterlak and Selembam.
Maaf = Forgiveness.
Macan = Also Tiger.
Macan tutul = Panther
Maha Guru = Master Teacher
Main Silek = To play silek or silat. Equivalent to light sparring where the goal is to learn but not hurt your opponent.
Main Terus Menerus = Continuous silat play. More similar to sparring.
Mande Muda = A prominent family form of silat in the US which means "New Cimande". The late Pendekar Herman Suwanda was system head. Died in car crash September 2000. Oldest sister (Ibu Rita) is now the head of the Cabang.
Mas = Friend.
Masukan = Similar to Langka but used to teach bridging or entries in Pamur Silat.
Masukan Kaki = Term used to differentiate between leg entries and Masukan Tangan (hand entries) in Combat Silat.
Masukan Tangan = Hand entries of Combat Silat.
Mati = Dead. Used to describe the end of a technique or lock in silat.
Mekar = Rising.
Melangkah = The consideration of how to step.
Merah = Red.
Minangkabau = The most prominent people group of West Sumatra who are known for the low fighting styles. Raja Sterlak is related to one of the 10 major styles of the area.
Monyet = Monkey.
Murid = Student
Murid Mati = Dead student. A method of training where the training partner does not resist. One part of the statue drill.
Naga = Dragon
Olah Raga = Competition fighting.
Pamur Silat
= A Madurese silat style.
Pangianan Langka Empat Silat = A Sumatran silat style.
Papisau
<SPAN style="mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt"> = Knife hand strike.
Pasan = The name given to all welcoming postures of Pamur.
Pauh = A style of silat from Sumatra.
Peci/Songkat = The name for the velvet hat that is worn by silat practitioners.
Pelan = slow
Pembasmian = A series of methods in Pamur Silat that are designed to eradicate the opponent. Only used as a last resort.
Pendekar = A hero or great master of silat.
Pentjak/Pencak = The "artistic" side of silat. Beauty. See also Seni.
Perhatian = attention
Pesilat = Person who practices silat.
Picut = Flick.
Pijak Baru = Light step. Seeing with your feet in essence.
Pisau = Any type of straight blade Knife.
Pitinggua = "Crane Stance" with the raised foot in front of the supporting leg.
Pukul = To beat or hit.
Pukulan Terus = Straight Punch.
Pukulan Terus Orang Dua = Two man punching drill. 2 count with Gunting.
Pukulan = Usually used in reference to street fighting systems of silat and kuntao. However, it can mean a specific punch.
Pukulan Tedung = Cobra Fist
Pukulan Tukul = Hammer Fist
Pukulan Macan tutul = Panther Fist
Pusaka/Pusako = An heirloom or something of value. Usually old.
Putar Kepala/Puter Kepala = Head turning throw.
Putih = White
Rahsia = Secret.
Raja = A King.
Rasa = Feeling, emotion.
Rencong = A type of knife used by the Aceh people of Sumatra which is sometimes held between the toes.
Sakalipan Gaja Menlintang, Gaja Raba! = Sterlak motto meaning "An elephant gets in my way, I knock it down."
Salam Hormat = Greeting: Hello with respect.
Sambut = Similar to Buah. Basic applications of the jurus.
Sapu = To sweep.
Sapuan = A sweeping kick backward. Can be performed low but can also be done while standing.
Sarung/Sarong = A piece of fabric, usually batik cloth, that is worn around the waist or around the shoulder. It can be one tube shaped piece of fabric that is woven or a single piece of flat cloth. Can be used as a weapon but more commonly used as part of the Indonesian dress for both male and female. Related to Islamic prayer times and the need to be covered to the ankles during prayers.
Sasaran = Training area.
Satu = One
Sekali lagi = Do it again.
Sikap = Demeanour; attitude
Selamat = General greeting. Actually means safe.
Selamat Datang = Greeting: Welcome.
Selamat Jalan = Greeting: Goodbye.
Selamat Malam = Greeting: Goodnight.
Selamat Pagi = Greeting: Good morning.
Sembilan = Nine.
Sempai Hati = Having the heart to do something.
Sempok = A crossing step where the lead leg steps behind the rear leg, often into a sila position.
Seni = Art or skill.
Senjata = Weapons.
Sepak Kadam = Kick with sole of foot.
Sepok = To slap. To kick.
Sepok Bundar Lompat = Jumping Crescent Kick.
Sepok Cakeng = Roundhouse kick.
Sepok Depan = Front Kick.
Sepok Depan Orang Dua = Two man drill for front kick where one kicks and the other slaps the kick down then immediately kicks.
Sepok Kaki Rusuk = Edge of foot kick.
Sepok Sodok = Shovel kick.
Sepok Tundik = Intercepting kick.
Sepuluh = Ten.
Sera = Owl.
Serak = Hoarse throat.
Sewar = Sumatran knife that is narrow, has about a 10 inch blade with a slight curve and a handle that fits in the palm of your hand.
Siku Datar = Horizontal Elbow.
Siku Jatuh = Falling Elbow.
Siku Mekar = Rising Elbow.
Siku/Sikut = Elbow.
Sikup = Posture. Demeanor, attitude.
Sila/Silo = Sitting cross legged.
Silahkan tolong = Please help.
Silat Macan = Also, another tiger style of silat. Mostly upright.
Silat Monyet = Monkey style silat. AKA Pamonyet.
Silat Tempuran = The Indonesian term for Combat Silat. Primary systems of input are Pamur, Hok Kuntao and Sterlak.
Silat Serak = The name of a Javanese Silat style prominent in the U.S. and brought by Dutch-Indonesians.
Silat Syahbandar = A style of silat that uses a shuffling motion but contains no langka per-say. Moves close to opponent by shuffling feet but without taking a "step".
Silat Tapak Suci = A style of silat.
Silek Baru = A style of silat from Sumatra.
Silek Tuo = A style of silat from Sumatra.
Silek/Silat = Fighting. Often used by itself to describe certain indigenous styles of martial arts from Malaysia, Indonesia, Borneo, Phillipines, Cambodia, Thailand, Laos, etc. The addition of the term Pencak is recent. Only within the last 50 years or so was that term used by IPSI.
Sitaralak = Another way of saying Sterlak.
Slaverse = Term Guru Cruicchi uses to describe the Jurus Kombinasi of Raja Sterlak.
Sterlak = No known meaning even by the Indonesians. Could have been derived from the Dutch Staart Lag meaning "to render below".
Stralak = Another way of saying Sterlak.
Sumatra = Island of origin for Sterlak Silat.
Sumpah = Oath, solemn promise.
Sumpit = To shoot with a blow-pipe
Sumpitan = Blow-pipe
Syahbandar = Harbour-master.
Tanaga Dalam = Inner Force. Can be thought of a persons will but other mystical ideas are also attached to this term. Similar in idea to Chi or Ki.
Tangan = arm/hand.
Tangkap = To catch. Used in reference to grabbing a punch. In Jati Wisesa it is called Daywak.
Tangkapan = The locking techniques of Silat Pamur.
Tapak = Palm.
Tarompet = Musical Horn.
Tedung = Cobra.
Tendangan = Kick.
Terima Kasih = Thank you.
Terlak = Another way of saying Sterlak.
Tiga = Three.
Timbilan = Term used for the throws and takedowns of Pamur Silat.
Tinggi = high
Tiralak = Another way of saying Sterlak.
Tongkat = A pole or staff.
Tralak = Another way of saying Sterlak.
Tujuh = Seven.
Tulup = Blow Dart Gun.
Ular = Snake.
Ular sawa = Python
Ular Sendok = Another name for Cobra.
 

kuntawguro

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Here, add these to your list
hataw- strike
bugtongan- to puzzle or trick
tuhod - knee
Balangkas - fighting forms
Pabalangkas - practice fight
 

Rich Parsons

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I assume the first list is Tagalog.

Is the second as well? Or is it some other language of the PI South East Asia?
 

lefty eskrimador

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Sweet! Thank you so much! for doing that Palusut!

Just for that...I think I have to post more glossaries :D


Hi all,
I have a question concerning terminology...my art (Serrada Eskrima) is Visayan, but because GM Angel Cabales spoke Spanish, a lot of our terms are Spanish (Serrada, Larga Mano, Kadena De Mano, baston, espada y daga, for example). His student, and founder of Inayan Eskrima, Mike Inay (RIP) chose to use mostly English terms, simply because we're Americans. Is the terminology posted so far here Tagalog only? If so, where can I find Visayan terms? I am very interested in the history and culture of our art as well as the physical, and would like to be accurate in use of terminology. Plus, I'm just naturally nosy...

Kim
 

lefty eskrimador

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Hi Carol,
I just scanned your terminology list, and it is amazingly accurate, kudos to the person who compiled this list. Here's a couple to add if you like...

Manong...an title used to address Filipino elders, commonly used as an honorific when addressing FMA elders.

Kapatiran...brotherhood

Serrada...correctly translated as "to close", as in "close the window, close the door, close the opponent, close the opponent's options"

Mabuhay..."long live", as in "Mabuhay Ang Eskrima" ("Long Live Eskrima")

Buhay..."life", "life energy"


Kim
 
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Carol

Carol

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Hi Carol,
I just scanned your terminology list, and it is amazingly accurate, kudos to the person who compiled this list. Here's a couple to add if you like...


Serrada...correctly translated as "to close", as in "close the window, close the door, close the opponent, close the opponent's options"

Warmest welcome to Martial Talk, Lefty Eskrimador! Very glad you joined us.

For Serrada, the definition "closed" in the list is the correct translation. You have the right idea, just not the proper form of the word.

"Serrada" grew from the Spanish cerrada which does indeed mean "closed" [adjective].

"To close (anything, except a person)" [verb, infinitive form] is cerrar. "To close (a person, such as an opponent)" [reflexive verb, infinitive form] is cerrarse. :asian:
 
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