On this forum, we've discussed several times over the concept of increasing resistance in drills until you have a usable technique. The 5-step process, as best I can describe, is: Active Compliance or Step-by-Step Solo Drills - Grab your partner, your partner kinda throws themselves to teach you the leverage point and power direction of the technique. Or do the move step-by-step by yourself to memorize the steps in the process. Passive Compliance or Smooth Solo Drills - Your partner lets you execute the technique but doesn't help you. Or do the move in a smooth motion by yourself. Passive Resistance - Your partner will use strength to fight against your technique, but won't actively fight back against you. Active Resistance - Your partner will actively look for weaknesses or openings you leave in your technique and take advantage. Sparring, Experimentation, and Variation - Apply the technique in a live scenario, or go back to Steps 1-4 to play around with the technique in different situations or different methods. This process works really well when talking about grappling arts. I'm trying now to figure out if it can universally cover martial arts (if you can include striking arts with it). This leads me to a question, and two possible follow-up questions. Can the model I described be used to cover striking techniques? If yes, how would you describe the steps in the model to cover striking techniques? If no, how many steps would you include in a model to cover striking techniques? As it is right now, my model has a hole in it. I need to know whether that hole needs to be patched, or if I need a second model.