Through your analysis and research into kata, Shotokan kata in particular, are there any secret concepts, techniques, methods etc that are overlooked without a thorough analysis into the kata? (ES) There are no secrets, merely people with myopia (short-sightedness). The data is out there, if you have the technical vocabulary to read it in the movements of the kata. Kata were developed before JKA style long-range tournament dueling; kata distance is within arm’s reach. At that distance, grabbing and being grabbed is part and parcel of the techniques in kata. It takes no “thorough analysis” to get these – simply a year or so in aikido, judo or jujitsu, and then doing the kata without labeling the movements as being anything in particular. Techniques are verbs (movements), not nouns (postures). From the throwing arts, one gets imbued with the attitude that techniques are movement trajectories. In many karate schools, the emphasis is on the terminal posture, with some fussiness involved in adjusting minute angles of the toes, etc. Once this attitude is broken, and with a sufficient technical vocabulary in place, kata reveal themselves automatically.