I know every school is different, and some schools have a higher standard of requirements for black belt than others. I also understand that this can be a highly subjective issue, depending on how you see a black belt (whether their basics are perfect or they just have a firm foundation), and on your own personal bias of the black belts at your school or how you think you were when you got your black belt. With that said, let's go into this thread understanding that it's an opinion thread, and arguing about opinions is like arguing over whether cheese tastes green or blue. (It's blue, by the way). If one person has a higher standard than you or your school, it doesn't mean they're a snob, and if someone else has a lower standard it doesn't mean they have a McDojang. So let's try to keep this thread about "my school is X" and not "your school is Y and that's why my school is better". So onto the question: what is it you think a black belt should know in Taekwondo? I'm specifically looking at a KKW/WT school, although I understand that won't cover all TKD schools. Your post can be as granular as you want it to be, but please avoid generalizing to the point of not saying anything (i.e. "a black belt should know the techniques and learn how to apply them"), unless that generalization is your TL;DR and you go more in-depth than that. Some more specific questions that I have: What WT sparring concepts should a black belt know already, vs. learn as a black belt. For example, are there styles of footwork, concepts such as distance, clinch, or headshots, which you would expect to teach more at black belt, or which a black belt should already know? Do you think it doesn't matter which ones they know or which ones they learn, as long as some are covered already and some are going to be covered soon? In other words, should a black belt already have a full idea of what black belt sparring will be like, and simply improve it, or since there's new stuff (like headshots) should they learn that when they get there. Are there kicks that aren't necessary to know by black belt that you would expect a black belt to learn? Or any kick not learned by black belt, is it an extra kick that's not necessary? I'm thinking of kicks that are more difficult and less common, with either niche or no practical application, such as 540 kicks, twist kicks, and high flying jump kicks. Things that are less associated with Taekwondo, like punches, grabs, and sweeps. Should these be learned at colored belts, or at black belt? Should they be an elective piece that you do every once in a while, or part of the core curriculum? Are they even necessary in Taekwondo, or should you expect fighters to cross-train into another art (i.e. boxing or Judo) to learn them? How much of an idea on how to teach should a fresh Black Belt have? Should they know their role as an assistant, or should that be something they start learning at Black Belt? Should they be capable of mentoring a single student on improving techniques, running a small group through forms or drills, leading a whole class through stretches and warm-ups, and/or be able to lead an entire class by themselves? How much of an idea on practical application of self defense should a Taekwondoist have as a fresh black belt, vs. what they learn at black belt? In this case, do they have all the pieces and can now put them together? Have they been putting them together the whole time? Or are there still new pieces to add to the puzzle, such as new scenarios, techniques, and combinations that weren't covered before? How precise should a fresh black belt's forms be? Should they be an exact replica of the form, in every individual movement, or is it okay to have a little bit of rawness in the technique? (For example, punches that show the full reach of the punch instead of the properly squared front stance, kicks that may not be quite as pretty but you can see the power in them, footwork that is a little bit more aggressive but not quite as graceful). These are just some of the things I was thinking of. I'm looking several years down the road, when I might be in charge of my own school, and I'll probably do this several times again before I get there. (This way, I've thought about it, grown, thought about it again, grown some more, and so on, before I am in charge). On the one hand, I would want black belts to know everything, but on the other I know its impossible to know everything about martial arts unless it takes 50 years to get your black belt. (So good luck those starting in their 30s and 40s). And even then there's going to be gaps. What do you think? What are the things a black belt should know, and what are the things you would expect them to learn?