The question about one-steps made me wonder: Ki-haps in a form. Back when I started, all of our forms had at least 2 of them. Then the first reform hit and only the color belts retained the yell at the move furthest north and south of the pass, to simplify the explanation as to where they were to be put. The yells were completely taken out of the BB forms. I never did see the idea behind it. Reasons (to me) to have a Ki-hap in a form or with a technique: -We are conditioned to be quiet. This gives us a rare outlet to be heard. -We tend to hold our breath, especially when we start out on our journey, or when we concentrate. You can't yell when you hold your breath. You can't fight (or run) when you hold your breath. -A correct yell can support a technique and add energy to it. You know what I mean, that yell from deep down, from the diaphragm. Thoughts?