Hapkido technique names in Korean.

Discussion in 'Hapkido' started by Chrisoro, Mar 3, 2015.

  1. Chrisoro

    Chrisoro Blue Belt

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    Hello!

    As I have been training both japanese and korean systems over the years, I have noticed that Hapkido-schools tend to not have the same focus on korean terminology for techniques as the various japanese jujutsu-based styles. Since I personally tends to remember techniques easier when having names for them, instead of just "do this", or in a best case scenario, "technique 1", "technique 2", etc., I have used japanese terms for those hapkido techniques that are also present in some variant in japanese systems.

    However, after buying Dennis Kim's book Hapkido: Korean Mixed Martial Art, I have started to put together a list of the techniques I most commonly train, with names in both Korean and Japanese. This list is a work in progress, so any corrections or additions anyone might have, is more than welcome. :)
    -------------------------------------------------------

    (Jap.) (Kor.)
    Standing locks:

    ikkyō - kalneoki
    nikyō - naebeon keokgi
    sankyō - digeuk moyang keokgi
    yonkyō - (empty)
    gokyō - sonmok joigi
    kotegaeshi - sonmok biteulgi
    shihōnage - dora jeochigi
    ude garami - pal eolgeo keokgi
    waki gatame - palkumchi joigi

    Throws:

    o goshi - heori keochigi
    seoi nage - hanpal eobo chigi
    kata guruma - mit obo deonjigi
    kotegaeshi ichiban henka - sonmok biteulgi
    kirikaeshi - dwiro mireo deonjigi
    shihōnage - dora jeochigi
    ko uchi gari - an dari geolgi
    ko soto gari - bagat dari geolgi
    o soto gari - bakat dari hurigi
    harai goshi - heori hurigi
    tai otoshi - bit dangkyu chigi


    Kicks:

    maegeri - ap chagi
    mawashi geri - dollyo chagi
    sokuto yoko geri - yeop chagi
    ushiro geri - dwit chagi
    mae tobi geri - twio ap chagi
    tobi geri - twio yeop chagi
    ushiro mawashi geri - deodora bandae dollyo chagi
    mae kekomi - mireo chagi
    hiza geri - mooreup chigi
    (empty) - mok jabgi (thai clinch for use with mooreup chigi)
    (empty) - anja bandae dollyo chagi (low, spinning sweeping kick)


    Arm strikes:

    mae empi uchi - jeonbang chigi
    tate empi uchi - sangbang chigi
    otoshi empi uchi - habang chigi
    choku-zuki - jeongkwon chigi
    kagi-zuki - jeongkwon huieo chigi
    ura-zuki - jeonkwon olryo chigi
    shuto-zuki - soodo chigi
    kentsui-uchi - me joomeok chigi


    Ground techniques:

    do osae - subi jase (guard)
    (empty) - heori gameun subi jase (closed guard)
    (empty) - bal beolrin subi jase (open guard)
    (empty) - dari jabeun sub jase (half guard)
    (empty) - garo nurugi (side mount)
    (empty) - gyeot nurugi (scarf hold)
    (empty) - gawi dwijibgi (scissor sweep)
    (empty) - yang balmok jabgo dwijibgi (double ankle sweep from open guard)
     

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  2. Raymond

    Raymond Orange Belt

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    Thanks very much for this! I know all the various strikes and kicks by their Korean names from TKD, but have been looking for a while for reliable translations for various Judo and Japanese Jiujitsu throws.
     
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  3. oftheherd1

    oftheherd1 Senior Master

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    My recollection is that Dr. Kimm in his book Hapkido, uses Korean terminology, but written in English. Rather expensive book though.

    My GM, when teaching American students, taught in blocks, like "Punch Blocks," then gave them a number. So we would refer for instance, to 1st Dan, punch block number 7.
     
  4. jezr74

    jezr74 Master of Arts

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    Great list, thanks Chrisoro
     
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  5. jezr74

    jezr74 Master of Arts

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    Is there a site that i could use that might be able to accurately read out the Korean words? I'm not sure how accurate the babel fish sites are. I'm familiar enough with Japanese phonetics, but not Korean.
     
  6. escuelafraternidad

    escuelafraternidad White Belt

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    Korean is easier to read than Japanese. Besides you can be able to read in only a couple of hours. Enter in YouTube and watch "Learning to read Hangul". So many options.
    Raul Bustamante
    5° Dan ITF
     
  7. skribs

    skribs Senior Master

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    I don't even know their names in English.
     

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