FMA Glossary

Discussion in 'Filipino Martial Arts - General' started by Carol, Oct 25, 2006.

  1. Carol

    Carol Crazy like a...

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    I did some googling and found a page with a very helpful glossary of FMA terminology. Enjoy! :)


    Source:

    http://fcskali.tripod.com/id11.html



    Abang.....to wait defensively
    Abanico......fan; also spelled "abaniko"
    Abanico sa Itaas.....upper flywheel
    Abecedario....."ABC's"; the basics
    Abierta.....open position
    Agaw.....to grab, seize, disarm or take away
    Agaw-Sandata.....disarming & retrieval of the weapon
    Aldabis.....diagonal cut, strike or uppercut
    Alpabeto.....alphabet; the basics
    Anim.....six
    Anino.....shadow
    Antas.....level or degree
    Antaw.....long range
    Apat.....four
    Araw.....sun or day
    Arnis.....harness; northern philippine martial art
    Arnisador.....stick fighter
    Arnis de Mano....."Armor of the Hand"; system
    Atras.....retreat or backward
    Avante.....forward

    B

    Babag.....worry; trouble
    Bago.....new or before
    Bagong-Pasok.....entry level student
    Bagsak.....to drop; overhead strike with down weighing
    Baguhan.....beginner
    Bahi.....a Philipine hardwood used for sticks
    Baitang.....level or stages
    Bakbakan.....a rumble or free-for-all fight
    Balaraw.....dagger
    Baligtad.....reverse or inside out
    Bali.....break
    Balik.....return or retreat
    Balisong....."butterfly knife"
    Balitok.....tumble
    Banatan.....full-contact fighting
    Bansay-bansay.....training or drills
    Bantay.....guard or watch
    Bantay-Kamay.....support or "alive" hand
    Bara-bara.....wild or formless technique
    Baraw.....dagger
    Bartikal.....vertical cut/strike
    Basag.....broken
    Baston.....stick
    Bati-Bati.....using the butt of the stick
    Batikan.....noteworthy; certified expert
    Baywang.....the hip
    Bigay.....to give
    Bigay-bali.....lock release technique
    Bigay-galang.....salutation
    Bihasa.....expert
    Binahagi.....cut into parts
    Binali.....break or reverse
    Bisig.....the arm
    Bothan.....Martial Arts school
    Braso.....the arm
    Buah.....combination of footwork and form; application of technique
    Buhat.....from or lift
    Buhat Araw.....an overhead strike
    Bukas.....open position
    Buklis.....upward figure 8
    Bulusok.....powerful overhead or diagonal strike
    Buno.....takedown or throws
    Bunot.....to draw a sword; to pluck out
    Bunot Kaluban.....an upward slash followed by a downward slash; a drawing and slashing technique

    C

    Caballero....techniques from Grandmaster Caballero
    Carera.....cycling movement or spin
    Cadena de Mano.....chain of hands
    Centro.....center
    Centro Baston.....holding the stick in the middle
    Cerrada.....close; closed fighting position
    Cinco.....five
    Cinco Teros....."5 strikes"
    Contra.....counter
    Contrada.....opposite or counter
    Corto.....close range
    Cruzada.....cross-block and strike
    Crossada.....to cross
    Cuatro.....four

    D

    Daga.....dagger or short stick
    Dakop....to catch
    Dakot.....to scoop
    Dalawa.....two
    Dalawampu.....twenty
    Dalawampu't Isa.....twenty-one
    Dalawang.....double
    Dakip.....capture
    Dakip-Diwa.....mind-set
    Damdam.....feel or sensitivity
    Damdam-Diwa.....sensitivity; being aware
    de Cadena....."the chain"
    de Cuerdas....."to chord"; system
    Defundo.....stationary
    Delikado.....dangerous
    Depensa.....defense; person taking defensive role in training
    Dib-dib.....the chest
    Diin.....to put pressure on
    Dikitan.....very close or close quarters
    Diwa.....mind
    Djuru.....form
    Doble.....double
    Doble Baston.....double stick training
    Doblete.....double or repeat
    Doce Pares....."12 pairs or 12 strikes"; system
    Dos.....two
    Dos Labahas.....two blades
    Dos Manos.....two hands
    Dos Manos Largos.....two hands with long stick
    Dukop.....to catch
    Dukot.....to snatch or seize unexpectedly
    Dukot.....to reach out
    Dulo.....the tip of the stick
    Dumog.....filipino grappling art
    Dungab.....to strike with the fist
    Dungab....."heaven" or "hammer" grip
    Duslak.....thrust

    E

    Elastico....."rubber band art"; system
    Enganyo.....fake or feint
    Entrada.....entry
    Equis....."X" or "X" shaped strike
    Eskrima....."skirmish"; filipino martial art
    Eskrimador.....stick fighter
    Espada.....sword or long stick
    Espada y Daga.....sword & dagger or long & short stick
    Estrilla.....star

    F

    No terms found.

    G

    Galang.....respect
    Galing.....skillfull
    Gantihan.....exchange of blows
    Garote.....stick; usually flat to simulate a blade
    Garote'ng.....itak flat stick
    Gitna.....center
    Gunting....."scissors" or passing block with a limb destruction
    Guro.....teacher

    H

    Habang.....while; in the meantime
    Hagad-Hubad.....strikes & counters
    Hagis.....to throw; a throwing technique
    Hagibis......whirlwind; throwing & grappling techniques
    Hakbang.....to step; footwork
    Hakbang-Paiwas.....full side step/step to avoid strike
    Halo-Halo.....combination; free flow sparring
    Hanay.....row or line
    Han-ay.....form
    Handa....."Get ready !"
    Hapos.....strike or slash
    Hapsanay.....free sparring
    Hatak.....to pull
    Hataw.....a full power strike
    Hawak.....to hold
    Hawak-Gitna.....holding the stick in the middle
    Hawak-Pakal.....reverse or ice-pick grip
    Hawak-Punyo.....regular hold on weapon with punyo
    Hawak-Sagad.....regular grip with no punyo
    Hawak-Saksak.....regular or hammer grip
    Hawak-Sandata.....methods of holding a weapon
    Hawak-Susi.....reverse grip; holding at tip of stick
    Higot.....to tie
    Hindi.....no or negative
    Hintay.....wait or pause
    Hiwa.....to slash or cut
    Hubad.....to untie or undress; name of a flow drill
    Hulagpos.....to escape from capture or restraint

    I

    Ibaba.....down or below
    Ibabaw.....above or on-top
    Ikot.....turn or about-face
    Ikot-Hantaw.....spinning strike
    Ilag.....to evade
    Ilalim.....under or underneath
    Ilustrisimo.....techniques from Grandmaster Anotio Ilustrisimo
    Insayo'ng.....training
    Ipit.....to lock, trap or jam
    Ipit-Hagis.....a sacrifice throwing technique
    Isang.....single
    Itaas.....above, upper or to the front
    Itak.....long sword or bolo
    Isa.....one
    Isa-pa.....once more; again; one more time
    Iwas.....to avoid, dodge or duck

    J

    Juego Todo.....anything goes or free-for-all fight

    K

    Kaayusan.....order or organization
    Kabakas.....partner or assistant
    Kadena.....chain or series of movements
    Kadyot.....a shallow, snap thrust
    Kalahati.....half
    Kalas.....disengage, release or disarm
    Kalas-Sandata.....disarming technique
    Kalasag.....to shield
    Kali.....a southern Philippine martial art
    Kalis.....oldest of the Philippino style kris swords; wavey back half, straight front half
    Kaliwa.....left side
    Kamagoong.....Philipine iron wood
    Kamay.....the hand
    Kamayan.....empty-hand training
    Kamot.....to punch; hand
    Kanan.....right side
    Kapatid.....brother
    Kasa.....to cock or chamber; to accept a challenge
    Kasama.....companion/friends
    Karunungan.....knowledge
    Katapatan.....loyalty
    Katawan.....body or torso
    Katipunan.....organization, association or brotherhood
    Kenkoy.....derogatory term used for unrealistic or impractical styles of fighting
    Kilat....."Lightning Blow"
    Kilos.....movement
    Kilos-Paa.....footwork
    Kina-Iya.....natural
    Kris.....serpentine blade knife or sword
    Kunsi.....grappling techniques
    Kuntao....."fist way"; system

    L

    Labaha.....blade
    Labahas.....blades
    Laban.....to fight
    Laban-Handa.....ready-stance
    Laban-Laro.....combat drills or "play fights"
    Labanang.....to fight
    Labanang-Dikitan.....close quarters combat
    Labanang-Malapitan.....medium range combat
    Labanang-Malayuan.....long range combat
    Laban-Paluan.....free-fighting
    Laban-Sanay.....combat-skills training
    Labas.....the outside
    Labing-Isa.....eleven
    Labo-labo.....anything-goes fight
    La Contra.....to meet a strike
    Lakan.....an instructor rank equivalent to black belt
    Langka.....footwork
    Lansi.....to confuse or misdirect
    Lansing-Tadyak.....spinning thrust kick
    Lansing-Sikad.....spinning snap kick
    Largo.....long
    Largo Mano.....long range
    Largos.....long
    Laro.....to play
    Laro-laro.....give and take drills or training
    Larong.....to play
    La Seguida.....to follow a strike
    Laslas.....to cut to shreds
    Lastiko.....a style of arnis that emphasizes bobbing & weaving toavoid strikes
    Lengua de Fuego.....a fast series of thrust & slash techniques
    Lihim.....secret
    Lihis.....to the side or side-step
    Likos.....twirl
    Lima.....five
    Liyad.....to lean away
    Lock & Block.....training drill from Serrada Eskrima
    Loob.....the inside
    Lubud.....to blend
    Luma.....old
    Lusob.....attack or partner taking offensive role in the training
    Lutangto.....float; the unique forward and backward footwork of the Ilustrisimo system

    M

    Mabilis.....fast or speedy
    Magaling.....highly skilled
    Magisa.....alone
    Mag-Olisi.....one who practices stick-fighting
    Magulang.....parents; shrewd or sly
    Mahina.....weak or of poor skills
    Maharlika.....noble or nobility
    Mahusay.....skillful
    Malakas.....strong, powerful or influential
    Malapitan.....near or close
    Malayuan.....far or distant
    Mandirigma.....warrior
    Mano.....hand
    Mano y Mano.....hand to hand
    Marami.....many or numerous
    Maraming Salamat Po....."Many thanks"
    Marunong.....knowledgeable
    Masipag.....earnest or hard working
    Masugid.....dedicated or loyal
    Matibay.....strong, durable or lasting
    Matira.....to be left or to be the last
    Matira Matibay.....Survival of the Fittest
    Matulis.....sharply pointed; a style of bolo
    Mayto.....have
    May-Alam.....to posses the seeds of knowledge
    Medio.....medium range
    Meteorica.....meteoric strike from Grandmaster Caballero
    Mukha.....the face
    Muli.....again or one more time

    N

    Nakahanda.....ready
    Naka-Upo.....seated
    Nakaw.....to steal
    Ng.....of

    O

    Olisi.....stick
    Olisi-hay.....sparring with sticks
    Opo.....respectful form of saying "yes"
    Oracion.....a prayer for protection
    Ordabis.....backhand strike

    P

    Paa.....foot
    Paayon.....going with the force
    Paawas.....to parry
    Pababa.....downward
    Pag-Galang.....salutation or show of respect
    Pagsasanay.....training
    Pagsilang.....birth or sunrise
    Pagsisisi.....atonement or repentance
    Pahimsug.....exercises or calisthenics
    Pahisa.....a slashing motion
    Paikot.....rotate
    Paikot.....circular strike
    Paiwas.....to avoid
    Pakal....."ice pick" grip
    Palad.....palm of the hand
    Palakas.....strengthening
    Palakas-Pulso.....wrist-strengthening exercises
    Palis.....sweep or sweeping parry
    Palis-Patid.....a sweeping throw
    Palisut.....to scoop
    Palisut-sut.....skipping strike
    Palit.....change or exchange
    Palit-Kamay.....change or exchange grip
    Palitan.....alternating
    Palo.....to strike
    Paluan.....exchange of strikes
    Palusut.....to pass through; technique of evading and passing through
    Pama-a.....footwork
    Panabas.....ax style weapon
    Pananandata.....study of the weapons of the Philippines
    Panastas.....to slash
    Panata.....a devotion
    Pangamot.....empty-hand defense
    Pangandam.....on-guard or ready position
    Pang-Ikyas evasion or dodge
    Pangilog.....disarming
    Pang-Olisi.....stick fighting
    Pang-Ubot.....hold or grip
    Panibago.....new or a revival
    Pani-il.....footwork
    Panimban.....balance
    Panipis.....to skim or cut thinly
    Panukad.....fighting stance
    Parusa.....punishment
    Pasada de Contra.....pass and hit
    Pasok.....to enter, inside or on target
    Pasulong.....forward
    Pasungkit.....to thrust upward
    Pataas.....upward
    Patalim.....dagger or blade weapon
    Patalon.....jumping or multi-level strikes
    Patibong.....to trap
    Patid.....to trip
    Patusok.....in a thrusting motion
    Paulit-ulit.....repetitive
    Pa-upo.....half side step/sitting down
    Pauyon.....go-with-the force technique
    Payong.....umbrella
    Payong sa Itaas.....upper umbrella block
    Pekiti.....close range
    Piga.....to squeeze or wring
    Piglas.....to struggle or resist
    Pikon.....one who is easily upset
    Piktos.....a snap strike
    Pilay.....sprain or dislocation; lame or crippled at the legs
    Pinahandog.....diagonal downward strike
    Pinatag.....horizontal strike
    Pinasaka.....diagonal upward strike
    Pinasaka Tuhod.....rising knee strike
    Pinatindog.....vertical downward strike
    Pingga.....a long staff fighting system
    Pinid.....closed position
    Pintok.....a wrist snap strike
    Pinuti.....long Visayan sword
    Pito.....seven
    Planchada.....a horizontal strike
    Plansada.....horizontal cut/strike
    Pluma.....pen
    Po.....a suffix denoting respect
    Prakcion.....to react faster than the opponent
    Pukpok.....to hammer or pummel
    Pulso.....pulse or wrist
    Puluhan.....handle or butt
    Punong Guro.....head teacher & founder of system
    Punyo.....butt of stick or any weapon

    Q

    No terms found.

    R

    Redonda.....continuous double stick technique
    Redondo.....circular power strike
    Retirada.....to retreat
    Rompida.....an upward and downward slash
    Ronda.....circular movement of the hands or weapon
    Ropillon.....a double stick technique or movement

    S

    Sa.....to or of
    Sabayan.....Simultaneous; to attack or counter at the same time
    Sablay.....Incomplete or imperfect; a low right to left horizontal.....blow
    Saboy.....to throw or scatter; an upward right to left diagonal strike
    Sadang.....reverse position
    Sagang.....defense
    Sagasa.....to charge or to overrun
    Sakay.....to ride or go with the force
    Sakay-Salag.....eskrima sticky hands; to follow the motion of the blocked/ checked weapon or attack
    Sakong.....heel
    Sakong-Palad.....palm-heel
    Saksak.....to thrust
    Sasak Hatak.....a technique using fast withdrawal and twisting of the weapon to inflict a cut on the opponents checking or blocking hand
    Salag.....block or parry
    Salagba.....downward block
    Salagbas.....outside dodging and parrying
    Salag-Bisig.....forearm block
    Salagsok.....inside dodging and parrying
    Salagtas.....upward block
    Salakay.....to charge or attack
    Salamat.....to thank
    Salamin.....mirror or reaction drill
    Salisi.....opposing or opposite direction
    Salok.....an upward strike with the edge or point
    Saltik.....a snap strike
    Salubong.....to meet head-on
    Sama.....to join or go with
    Sambut.....combination of footwork & form; application of technique
    Sampu.....ten
    Sanay.....training or exposure
    Sandata.....weapon
    Sangga.....to block
    Saplet.....quick disarm
    Sawali.....interwoven slats of wood use for walls
    Serada.....closed
    Serrada.....close quarters or "closing"
    Sibat.....staff
    Sibog.....retreat or backward
    Sikad.....side kick
    Sikad-Gilid.....side snap kick
    Sikad-Hataw.....snap roundhouse kick
    Sikad-Sungkite.....snap hook kick
    Sikad-Tusok.....front snap kick
    Sikaran.....a Philippine martial art emphasizing kicking skills
    Siklod.....to kiss the hand of an elder; a wrist lock
    Siklod Bangga.....a wrist lock that uses the shoulder as a leverage point
    Sikmura.....solar plexus
    Siko.....the elbow
    Sikot.....push kick
    Sikwat.....to pry; an upward strike with the punyo
    Sikwat-Siko.....a come-along lock with the elbow as the primary lock or center of pressure
    Silat.....to outmaneuver or overpower; an Indonesian martial art
    Silak.....open-hand system used against a blade (Sayoc Kali)
    Sinawalli.....to weave; a continuous double stick technique
    Sinigurato.....make doubly sure; a follow-up trapping or jamming technique (Lameco Eskrima)
    Sipa.....to kick; also a game
    Sipalit.....a training drill for alternating kicks
    Sipang-Hataw.....roundhouse kick
    Siyam.....nine
    Sogo.....finger-tip thrust
    Solo.....single
    Songab.....finger jab
    Songkiti.....a hooking movement used to parry or thrust
    Suklian.....an exchange of strikes
    Suko.....to surrender or give-up
    Sulod.....to enter
    Sulong.....to go forward or go ahead
    Suliwa.....pass or deflect
    Sumbalik.....counter
    Sumbrada.....upper umbrella block; name of a flow drill
    Sumpa.....a vow or oath
    Sungkite.....a technique that emphasizes thrusts
    Sundot.....a jab or quick thrust
    Suntok.....to punch
    Suplete.....quick disarm
    Suwag.....head-butt
    Suyop.....a go with the force technique

    T

    Tabas Talahib.....a horizontal strike
    Tabak-Toyok.....nunchaku
    Tadtad.....full of or multiples of
    Tadyak.....thrust kick
    Tadyak-Gilid.....side thrust kick
    Tadyak-Sakong.....back thrust kick
    Tadyak-Tusok.....front thrust kick
    Taga.....to strike or cut
    Tagang Alanganin.....an outwards horizontal strike aimed at the upper torso region
    Tagang Buhat Araw.....an overhead strike aimed at the top of the head
    Tagang Pasumala.....primarily a parry, a sweeping upward diagonal strike used to deflect a weapon
    Tagang San Miguel.....a diagonal downward and inward strike aimed at the upper torso
    Tagapagsanay.....trainer or assistant instructor
    Tagapagturo.....senior assistant instructor
    Tala.....star
    Talang Bartikal.....vertical block
    Talas.....sharp or to sharpen
    Talas Damdam.....sensitivity training
    Tapa.....to step on the foot
    Tapi.....to parry or deflect
    Tapik.....to nudge, defelct or parry
    Tapi-on.....to block, parry, defelct or check
    Tapi-Tapi.....checking; a series of parries & blocks
    Tapos.....finished or the end
    Tatlo.....three
    Tatlumpu.....thirty
    Tatlumpu't Isa.....thirty one
    Tatsulok.....triangle
    Taub.....facing downward
    Tayo.....stance
    Teka.....wait, halt or pause
    Tiempo.....timing
    Tigil.....stop or cease
    Tigpas.....a horizontal strike directed at the knees
    Tihaya.....facing upward
    Tiniklink.....footwork drill
    Tisod.....to stumble
    Totsada.....to thrust
    Totsar.....to thrust
    Trancada.....to lock or locks
    Tuhod.....the knee
    Tulisan.....the knife-fighting art of Kali Illustrisimo
    Tuloy-tuloy.....continuous
    Tunga-tunga.....medium range
    Tuo.....to the right
    Tusok.....to thrust
    Tuyok.....cycling movement or to spin

    U

    Ulo.....the head
    Upo.....seat

    V

    No terms found.

    W

    Wala.....to the left; nothing; lost
    Walis.....to sweep
    Walo.....eight
    Warwok.....a weapon hand capture that rebounds the weapon into the attackers body
    Witik.....wrist snap strike

    X

    No terms found.

    Y

    Yabag.....the sound of footsteps
    Yabang.....show-off
    Yakap.....hug, hold, embrace or clinch
    Yantoc.....rattan stick
    Yukbo.....salutation
    Yuko.....to duck or bow

    Z

    No terms found.

     
  2. HKphooey

    HKphooey Senior Master

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    Thanks for sharing! :)
     
  3. Guro Harold

    Guro Harold Senior Master

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    Hi Carol,

    Great find!

    I have used that one on Tuhon Ray's site for years!
     
  4. MJS

    MJS Administrator Staff Member

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    Cool! Thanks for sharing that Carol! :)

    Mike
     
  5. Carol

    Carol Crazy like a...

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    Thanks for the feedback! I found the glossary has helped me a lot, especially being a noobie and having to learn all these new words. :D

    Palusut, do you think this is worth stickying? It's OK if you don't, I was just curious. :)
     
  6. Guro Harold

    Guro Harold Senior Master

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    Sure!

    There was another thread that had links to other FMA glossaries but the links were stale.

    Everyone is welcome to add to this thread other FMA glossaries that you know of.

    -Palusut

    MT Senior Moderator
     
  7. Brian R. VanCise

    Brian R. VanCise MT Moderator Staff Member

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    Yes I would definately say that it would be a good thread to sticky. [​IMG]
     
  8. Carol

    Carol Crazy like a...

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    Sweet! Thank you so much! for doing that Palusut!

    Just for that...I think I have to post more glossaries :D


    Pencak Silat Glossary


    Source:
    http://www.geocities.com/jkdinstruct...ms.html?200625

    Adat = To show respect.
    Akang = Older brother.
    Ales = Body evasion from Pamur Silat.
    Aliran = School. Different from Sasaran which is the training area itself.
    Amerindo Silat = A combination of silat styles but mostly Mustika Kweetang silat and taught in the U.S. by Guru James Ingram.
    Apa Khabar/Apak Khabar = Greeting: What's the news?
    Asideci Silat = A Silat system created by Guru David Jennings and accepted by IPSI as an authentic silat system. Primarily of Balinese descent.
    Ayam = Chicken
    Ayam Lawan = Rooster Claw the name for the larger version of "kerambit".
    Ba Pak = Father but also used to show respect for ones teacher. Usually shortened to Pak. For instance Pak Roedy, Pak Bruno, Pak Sean.
    Bagimana? = How are you?
    Baik-baik sekali. Dan anda? = Very fine. And you?
    Baju Melayu = The Malaysian silat uniform.
    Bangau = crane.
    Beladiri = Self-Defense.
    Belakang = back.
    Berbelah Bagi = Half-hearted.
    Beset = A block/check which is performed by moving the leg backwards. Often thought of as a rear sweep but that is a misnomer.
    Bintang = Star.
    Biru = Blue.
    Buah = Fruit - In silat it is used to refer to applications or techniques found in the jurus.
    Bunga = Flower - In silat it is used to refer to the artistic movements of the style and sometimes as fake Buah to mislead and opponent.
    Cabang = Branch - In silat it is usually used in reference to a branch location of a given style and also as a weapon similar to the Japanese Sai with larger and wider spaced tines. Can also be used as a reference to certain Tankgapan.
    Cekik = To strangle.
    Celurit = Similar to a scythe or grass hook.
    Cepat = fast.
    Cikalong = A style of Silat from Java.
    Cikgu = A teacher.
    Cimande = A style of Silat from Java.
    Cinkrik = A style of Silat from Java.
    Dalam = Inside.
    Dapuan = Front sweeping kick.
    Datuk Maha Raja Diraja = King of Kings
    Debawa = low.
    Delapan = Eight.
    Depan = Front, but in Gaja Putih and Jati Wisesa it is used to define the upward elbow strike.
    Depok = When the rear leg steps in front of the front leg in a cross stance.
    Diri = body.
    Dorong = Impel; urge into being interested; motivate. In many Sumatran styles it is the name given to the straight punch.
    Dua = Two
    Duduk = Sitting with legs not crossed. Sometimes used for kneeling as well.
    Empat = Four
    Enam = Six
    Gaja Putih = White Elephant Silat known for its excellent use of elbows at close range. From Java.
    Garak Garik = Strategy that basically means for every action there is an appropriate counter.
    Garuda = Bird. Sometimes used to describe an eagle.
    Gelek = Turning into a cross stance. Weight either equal or mostly on the front leg.
    Genggam = To grasp in the fist.
    Gerak = To Move
    Gerakan Dua = Vertical Movement.
    Gerakan Empat = Inside Circle.
    Gerakan Lima = Four Corners Slapping.
    Gerakan Satu = Horizontal Gunting Movement.
    Gerakan Tiga = Outside Circle.
    Gerakan = Specific Movement. In Raja Sterlak these movements are used during the training of Bunga and stalking an opponent.
    Golok = A type of machete.
    Gunting = Scissors.
    Guru = Teacher of many things. Can include spiritual training as well as fighting.
    Guru Bruno Cruicchi = Garrote Larense and Raja Sterlak teacher from Caracas Venezuela
    Guru Muda = New/Young Teacher
    Guru Roedy Wiranatakusumah = Teacher of Jati Wisessa Silat.
    Guru Silek = Teacher of Silat.
    Harimau = Generally used to describe ground fighting in silat. Also a style of Silat that specializes in ground fighting to include: prone, sitting, kneeling and standing.
    Harimau Duduk = Sitting Tiger. A kneeling posture of Pamur Silat
    Hijo = Green.
    Hitam = Black.
    Hormat = Culturally acceptable behavior as defined by the culture itself.
    Hormat Saya = Greeting: My Respects.
    Ibu = Wife.
    Ikat = A bandana worn in various ways depending on the area of Indonesia a person is from. Javanese generally where it with the pointed part of the bandana covering the neck and the knot tied on the forehead. Sumatrans generally where it with the point of the bandana covering the head.
    Ilmu = Magic
    IPSI = Nomenclature for the Indonesian Governing body of International Pencak Silat. Most U.S. practitioners and teachers do not belong to it.
    Jari = Finger.
    Jari Dua Tunjal = Two Finger Poke.
    Jari Tunjal = Finger Poke.
    Jati Wisesa Silat = A style of silat that is almost identical to Gaja Putih. The only difference is the inclusion of Panafersan.
    Jatuh = Falling.
    Jurus = Upper body patterns of movement mainly, although they can contain kicks and stepping methods as well.
    Jurus Bintang = The 5 angles of attack: straight, from right side, from left side, downward and upward. Pencak Silat Serak uses a 9 angle system as does Hok Kuntao, although the angle numbers are different.
    Jurus Celurit = Jurus that define the use and movements of the Celurit. See Celurit.
    Jurus Duduk = Jurus that are done while sitting. Purpose it to isolate upper body defense. Usually used in beginning stages of training.
    Jurus Harimau = Jurus of Harimau Silat or relating to Harimau movements within another style.
    Jurus Jati Wisesa = Jurus of Jati Wisesa Silat.
    Jurus Kerambit = Jurus that define the use and movements of the Kerambit. See Kerambit.
    Jurus Kombinasi = A combination of jurus much like a kata or kuen.
    Jurus Pamur = Jurus of Pamur Silat.
    Jurus Pisau = Jurus that define the use and movements of the Pisau. See Pisau.
    Jurus Raja Sterlak = Jurus of Raja Sterlak Silat.
    Jurus Tangan = Jurus that are specific to empty hands.
    Jurus Tongkat = Jurus that define the use and movements of the Tongkat. See Tongkat.
    Jurusan = Two man set of attacks and counters based on the movements found in the jurus.
    Kabau/kerbau = Waterbuffalo
    Kakak = Older sister.
    Kaki = leg/foot.
    Kaki Ayam = Barefoot.
    kala = Scorpion
    Kanan = right.
    Kapala = Head.
    Kebatinin = Inner Self. In silat it is usually a reference to spiritual training sometimes including the use of Ilmu.
    Kembali = You're Welcome.
    Kendang = Musical Drum.
    Kendang Penca = Music specifically for silat created mostly with kendang.
    Kendang Tarompet = Music specifically for silat created mostly with Tarompet.
    Kerambit = A small hand sickle originally intended for use as a tool to harvest rice and later converted into a weapon. Of Sumatran origin.
    Kilat = Lightening.
    Kinjit = Body throw usually using the elbow.
    Kiri = left.
    Kucing = cat.
    Kuda Kuda/Kudo Kudo = Horse stance
    Kuda Kuda Tinggi = High kuda kuda training. Mostly for offense.
    Kuda Kuda Menengah = Medium height kuda kuda training. Mostly for defense.
    Kuda Kuda Rendah = low kuda kuda training. Used mostly for ground fighting.
    Kujang = A type of knife.
    Kumango = A style of silat from Sumatra.
    Kunci = To lock.
    Kunci Mati = Dead lock. Putting a pesilat into a position where they are unable to continue.
    Kuncian = Specific locks.
    Kuning = Yellow.
    Langka = Step, steps or stepping.
    Langka Bintang = A two man drill where one person lies on the ground and the other uses various stepping methods to maneuver around the persons outspread limbs delivering knees, punches and elbows.
    Langka Empat Dalam = Stepping method that is defined by the four corners of a square. Devised as an individual training method for the various stepping methods found in Raja Sterlak.
    Langka Empat Luar = Stepping method that is defined by the four corners of a square but with four steps to each side of the square. Each corner uses Gelek/Depok to turn. Also to enter to the Langka Empat Dalam do so from the corner in an aggressive, larger step.
    Langka Empat Kembar = Name for the double square of Langka Empat.
    Langka Empat Orang Dua = Two man Langka Empat drill where opponents move in mirror like fashion around the Langka Empat Dalam. Can also be used to train hands, forearms, and Bunga.
    Langka Jalan = Stepping method for walking on a straight line.
    Langka Silang = Stepping method for learning how to turn in all four directions using a cross pattern.
    Langka Tiga = Used in some styles. This stepping method represents the use of the three corners of a triangle.
    Latihan = Any of the many drills that are used for training.
    Lawan = Adversary or attacker.
    Lima = Five.
    Lintau = A style of silat from Sumatra.
    Luar = Outside.
    Lutut = Knee.
    Ma Ha Guru Abdul Muthalief = Guru Cruicchi's teacher of Raja Sterlak and Selembam.
    Maaf = Forgiveness.
    Macan = Also Tiger.
    Macan tutul = Panther
    Maha Guru = Master Teacher
    Main Silek = To play silek or silat. Equivalent to light sparring where the goal is to learn but not hurt your opponent.
    Main Terus Menerus = Continuous silat play. More similar to sparring.
    Mande Muda = A prominent family form of silat in the US which means "New Cimande". The late Pendekar Herman Suwanda was system head. Died in car crash September 2000. Oldest sister (Ibu Rita) is now the head of the Cabang.
    Mas = Friend.
    Masukan = Similar to Langka but used to teach bridging or entries in Pamur Silat.
    Masukan Kaki = Term used to differentiate between leg entries and Masukan Tangan (hand entries) in Combat Silat.
    Masukan Tangan = Hand entries of Combat Silat.
    Mati = Dead. Used to describe the end of a technique or lock in silat.
    Mekar = Rising.
    Melangkah = The consideration of how to step.
    Merah = Red.
    Minangkabau = The most prominent people group of West Sumatra who are known for the low fighting styles. Raja Sterlak is related to one of the 10 major styles of the area.
    Monyet = Monkey.
    Murid = Student
    Murid Mati = Dead student. A method of training where the training partner does not resist. One part of the statue drill.
    Naga = Dragon
    Olah Raga = Competition fighting.
    Pamur Silat
    = A Madurese silat style.
    Pangianan Langka Empat Silat = A Sumatran silat style.
    Papisau
    <SPAN style="mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt"> = Knife hand strike.
    Pasan = The name given to all welcoming postures of Pamur.
    Pauh = A style of silat from Sumatra.
    Peci/Songkat = The name for the velvet hat that is worn by silat practitioners.
    Pelan = slow
    Pembasmian = A series of methods in Pamur Silat that are designed to eradicate the opponent. Only used as a last resort.
    Pendekar = A hero or great master of silat.
    Pentjak/Pencak = The "artistic" side of silat. Beauty. See also Seni.
    Perhatian = attention
    Pesilat = Person who practices silat.
    Picut = Flick.
    Pijak Baru = Light step. Seeing with your feet in essence.
    Pisau = Any type of straight blade Knife.
    Pitinggua = "Crane Stance" with the raised foot in front of the supporting leg.
    Pukul = To beat or hit.
    Pukulan Terus = Straight Punch.
    Pukulan Terus Orang Dua = Two man punching drill. 2 count with Gunting.
    Pukulan = Usually used in reference to street fighting systems of silat and kuntao. However, it can mean a specific punch.
    Pukulan Tedung = Cobra Fist
    Pukulan Tukul = Hammer Fist
    Pukulan Macan tutul = Panther Fist
    Pusaka/Pusako = An heirloom or something of value. Usually old.
    Putar Kepala/Puter Kepala = Head turning throw.
    Putih = White
    Rahsia = Secret.
    Raja = A King.
    Rasa = Feeling, emotion.
    Rencong = A type of knife used by the Aceh people of Sumatra which is sometimes held between the toes.
    Sakalipan Gaja Menlintang, Gaja Raba! = Sterlak motto meaning "An elephant gets in my way, I knock it down."
    Salam Hormat = Greeting: Hello with respect.
    Sambut = Similar to Buah. Basic applications of the jurus.
    Sapu = To sweep.
    Sapuan = A sweeping kick backward. Can be performed low but can also be done while standing.
    Sarung/Sarong = A piece of fabric, usually batik cloth, that is worn around the waist or around the shoulder. It can be one tube shaped piece of fabric that is woven or a single piece of flat cloth. Can be used as a weapon but more commonly used as part of the Indonesian dress for both male and female. Related to Islamic prayer times and the need to be covered to the ankles during prayers.
    Sasaran = Training area.
    Satu = One
    Sekali lagi = Do it again.
    Sikap = Demeanour; attitude
    Selamat = General greeting. Actually means safe.
    Selamat Datang = Greeting: Welcome.
    Selamat Jalan = Greeting: Goodbye.
    Selamat Malam = Greeting: Goodnight.
    Selamat Pagi = Greeting: Good morning.
    Sembilan = Nine.
    Sempai Hati = Having the heart to do something.
    Sempok = A crossing step where the lead leg steps behind the rear leg, often into a sila position.
    Seni = Art or skill.
    Senjata = Weapons.
    Sepak Kadam = Kick with sole of foot.
    Sepok = To slap. To kick.
    Sepok Bundar Lompat = Jumping Crescent Kick.
    Sepok Cakeng = Roundhouse kick.
    Sepok Depan = Front Kick.
    Sepok Depan Orang Dua = Two man drill for front kick where one kicks and the other slaps the kick down then immediately kicks.
    Sepok Kaki Rusuk = Edge of foot kick.
    Sepok Sodok = Shovel kick.
    Sepok Tundik = Intercepting kick.
    Sepuluh = Ten.
    Sera = Owl.
    Serak = Hoarse throat.
    Sewar = Sumatran knife that is narrow, has about a 10 inch blade with a slight curve and a handle that fits in the palm of your hand.
    Siku Datar = Horizontal Elbow.
    Siku Jatuh = Falling Elbow.
    Siku Mekar = Rising Elbow.
    Siku/Sikut = Elbow.
    Sikup = Posture. Demeanor, attitude.
    Sila/Silo = Sitting cross legged.
    Silahkan tolong = Please help.
    Silat Macan = Also, another tiger style of silat. Mostly upright.
    Silat Monyet = Monkey style silat. AKA Pamonyet.
    Silat Tempuran = The Indonesian term for Combat Silat. Primary systems of input are Pamur, Hok Kuntao and Sterlak.
    Silat Serak = The name of a Javanese Silat style prominent in the U.S. and brought by Dutch-Indonesians.
    Silat Syahbandar = A style of silat that uses a shuffling motion but contains no langka per-say. Moves close to opponent by shuffling feet but without taking a "step".
    Silat Tapak Suci = A style of silat.
    Silek Baru = A style of silat from Sumatra.
    Silek Tuo = A style of silat from Sumatra.
    Silek/Silat = Fighting. Often used by itself to describe certain indigenous styles of martial arts from Malaysia, Indonesia, Borneo, Phillipines, Cambodia, Thailand, Laos, etc. The addition of the term Pencak is recent. Only within the last 50 years or so was that term used by IPSI.
    Sitaralak = Another way of saying Sterlak.
    Slaverse = Term Guru Cruicchi uses to describe the Jurus Kombinasi of Raja Sterlak.
    Sterlak = No known meaning even by the Indonesians. Could have been derived from the Dutch Staart Lag meaning "to render below".
    Stralak = Another way of saying Sterlak.
    Sumatra = Island of origin for Sterlak Silat.
    Sumpah = Oath, solemn promise.
    Sumpit = To shoot with a blow-pipe
    Sumpitan = Blow-pipe
    Syahbandar = Harbour-master.
    Tanaga Dalam = Inner Force. Can be thought of a persons will but other mystical ideas are also attached to this term. Similar in idea to Chi or Ki.
    Tangan = arm/hand.
    Tangkap = To catch. Used in reference to grabbing a punch. In Jati Wisesa it is called Daywak.
    Tangkapan = The locking techniques of Silat Pamur.
    Tapak = Palm.
    Tarompet = Musical Horn.
    Tedung = Cobra.
    Tendangan = Kick.
    Terima Kasih = Thank you.
    Terlak = Another way of saying Sterlak.
    Tiga = Three.
    Timbilan = Term used for the throws and takedowns of Pamur Silat.
    Tinggi = high
    Tiralak = Another way of saying Sterlak.
    Tongkat = A pole or staff.
    Tralak = Another way of saying Sterlak.
    Tujuh = Seven.
    Tulup = Blow Dart Gun.
    Ular = Snake.
    Ular sawa = Python
    Ular Sendok = Another name for Cobra.
     
  9. kuntawguro

    kuntawguro Master Black Belt

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    Here, add these to your list
    hataw- strike
    bugtongan- to puzzle or trick
    tuhod - knee
    Balangkas - fighting forms
    Pabalangkas - practice fight
     
  10. Rich Parsons

    Rich Parsons A Student of Martial Arts

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    I assume the first list is Tagalog.

    Is the second as well? Or is it some other language of the PI South East Asia?
     
  11. kuntawguro

    kuntawguro Master Black Belt

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    The second list is indonesian with some tagalog in it
     
  12. lefty eskrimador

    lefty eskrimador White Belt

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  13. lefty eskrimador

    lefty eskrimador White Belt

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    Hi Carol,
    I just scanned your terminology list, and it is amazingly accurate, kudos to the person who compiled this list. Here's a couple to add if you like...

    Manong...an title used to address Filipino elders, commonly used as an honorific when addressing FMA elders.

    Kapatiran...brotherhood

    Serrada...correctly translated as "to close", as in "close the window, close the door, close the opponent, close the opponent's options"

    Mabuhay..."long live", as in "Mabuhay Ang Eskrima" ("Long Live Eskrima")

    Buhay..."life", "life energy"


    Kim
     
  14. Carol

    Carol Crazy like a...

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    Warmest welcome to Martial Talk, Lefty Eskrimador! Very glad you joined us.

    For Serrada, the definition "closed" in the list is the correct translation. You have the right idea, just not the proper form of the word.

    "Serrada" grew from the Spanish cerrada which does indeed mean "closed" [adjective].

    "To close (anything, except a person)" [verb, infinitive form] is cerrar. "To close (a person, such as an opponent)" [reflexive verb, infinitive form] is cerrarse. :asian:
     

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