(excuse title i always suck at these) Making this thread to get a objective comparison of some different punches out there, i will lay out the ones i know about and what i think they do and what i think their pros and cons are. This is also my first post here so haza. I am also not of much martial arts experience. Ok so all these basically have the same or similar mechanics of how to do the punch but its a different part of the hand you hit with. Horizontal Straight Punch So this is the one most people learn and i have learnt how to do it with the few styles i have done. Its basically the same mechanics wise, but you just strike with the first two knuckles and put more emphasis on the rotation of the arm.fist to generate power alongside the hips. The only complaint i can think for this one is, the twisting motion is important for its power and maybe its more dangerous for your wrists/fists. But it seems to work for the most part. Vertical Straight Punch As opposed to the horizontal straight punch, you put less or no emphasis on rotating your fist and arm for power generation, exactly the same without the rotation.* i have had this one cited to appearing in bare knuckle boxing and being "anatomically stronger" than the horizontal one because of bone alignment. For the most part i believe you aim with either your top two knuckles, bottom three or all of them. I have not been taught to do this one however i have grown into a habit of doing them when play fighting and thus growing out of using the other punch stated above. This one also seems to work * Three knuckle punching So technically under this one, i have not actually been taught how to do this, but do you aim with your second knuckle to hit with the bottom 3 or do you aim with your entire fist? I was trying to figure it out on a bag and bottom 3 knuckles seems to make the entire fist hit the target. What would be the difference if any to a normal vertical punch? Reverse Punch So another one i have not actually learnt how to do, but since taekwondo does punching from the belt its basically a punch palm up from the belt. This one i found in "self defence for gentlemen and ladies" a treatise for bare knuckle self defence. This is the type of punch he details the most i believe. Seems to work fine, i have accidentally done it while punching a heave bag before, seems simple enough to do. You aim with your entire fist this time, how ever you can only reliable hit the solar plexus and face, at least thats whats recommended in the treatise. It exists in kung fu and karate last i checked as well as probably a few bare knuckle boxing treatises. (edit): This punch also seems like basically the punch you do in a uppercut. this was also popular for the long boxing stances which used to be done. (edit)Hammer Fist I feel like this needs a mention as it can be done easily from a closed fist and is generally considered a good strike which limits the amount of injury you can do to your hands. I again haven't been taught how to do this but, its basically striking with the bottom of your closed fist fist. (edit)Backfist Another strike i should mention, i don't know the details of this or how well it works past you just hit someone in soft areas with the back of your closed fist, just believe it needs a mention. This one is a old bare knuckle boxing one mainly, i think anyway. It seems to work all right if you clip someone in the face with it, but im pretty sure it can damage your hand if you hit something too hard. Ok, i know about hooks and uppercuts etc, but i dont actually know how to do them safely and opted to avoid doing them on a heavy bag due to them putting your fist at compromised positions. For the most part, hooks seem to put your hand in a bad position without gloves. They work, but its a risk to benefit question. Opinions as it stands? I personally like the vertical punching as i have conditioned myself to use it when i play and use the heavy bag despite not being taught how to do it. Apologies if this is a little jumbled.